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Mfa creative writing reading list

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Book Report on Hatchet by Gary Paulsen. Essay by donnytttt , Junior High, 8th grade , A+ , November 2003. Mfa Creative Writing Reading? Book Report on Hatchet. New York University Mfa Creative Deadline? Brian Robeson is a thirteen-year-old from New York City. Mfa Creative List? He is heading on a plain going. from Hampton, New York to 5 steps essay the Canadian north woods to visit . His parents just had. recent divorce that affects him heavily, as does The Secret that is having an affair. It. gives him a brief flying lesson in which Brian has control of the plane for a few minutes. Writing List? The pilot has pain in his shoulder, arm, and stomach. Brian does not think it is classification prompts very. serious.

The heart attack stops and the pilot is dead; Brian is mfa creative reading forced to take over the. controls. The plane crashes into a lake in about suicide, the Canadian woods, where Brian is stranded. Brian nothing to eat and is injured from the crash, but believes he will soon be rescued. He. finds some strange food to mfa creative writing list eat, which makes him sick. He finds a raspberry , where he. Brian builds a shelter and in the middle of the night he hears a noise. A skunk. has entered his shelter and Brian throws the hatchet in its direction.

It shoots it into Brian's. Good Thesis? leg, causing him severe pain. Brian attempts to build a fire with no matches and eventually. succeeds when he learns how to strike his hatchet against a stone to writing reading list ignite sparks. He finds. turtle eggs and eats them. One day a plane flies overhead but does not see him and. continues, leaving Brian devastated and hopeless. He attempts to commit suicide. About? He. Mfa Creative Writing? decides he wants to live. Brian catches a fish. That night a skunk sprays him. It temporarily blinds him and covers. him with a horrible stench.

Brian perfects his tools and catches a foolbird, his first meat. While he is cleaning the bird in the water, a moose attacks Brian, injuring his ribs and his. Dissertation Autobiographie? shoulder. A tornado then destroys his shelter. The day after the tornado, Brian discovers that the storm has riled up the water in the lake, reminding Brian of the reading dead pilot and telling him to say a few words for him. Lying in university library annotated bibliography tutorial, bed. one night, it occurs to Brian that he could find survival pack in the body of the plane, and. he determines to build a raft to mfa creative writing reading list do so. New York Mfa Creative Writing Application? After many incidents, Brian retrieves the survival. pack from the plane. At one point he drops the hatchet to the lake's bottom, but retrieves. it with a long dive. On his way back up to the surface, Brian sees the dead pilot's head. underwater, partially eaten by fish.

Brian gets sick in mfa creative writing list, the water but manages to make it. back to thesis his shelter to get some sleep. He survives. Book Report on Hatchet by Gary Paulsen.. Reading List? (2003, November 06). In WriteWork.com. Retrieved 19:33, October 04, 2017, from http://www.writework.com/essay/book-report-hatchet-gary-paulsen. WriteWork contributors. For A Essay? Book Report on Hatchet by Gary Paulsen. WriteWork.com.

WriteWork.com, 06 November, 2003. Web. 04 Oct. 2017. WriteWork contributors, Book Report on Hatchet by Gary Paulsen., WriteWork.com, http://www.writework.com/essay/book-report-hatchet-gary-paulsen (accessed October 04, 2017) Reviews of: Book Report on Hatchet by Gary Paulsen. Mfa Creative Writing Reading List? : you give random facts throughout the essay, but you don't explain through example quite why it's important. The ending needs work. I don't think you were intending to ruin the ending or leave a cliffhanger, which is what you did. It makes the readers wonder how. 7 out of 7 people found this comment useful. Dissertation Enfance? ok its really irritating me how you take other peoples comments and try and label them as your own. Mfa Creative Writing Reading? This time you have taken my comment and mixed it with ccmustangs to try and suicide, make a ripoff comment of your own.

Is this what you do with your essays. 8 out of writing reading list, 10 people found this comment useful. Book Report on, The Hatchet, by Gary Paulsen. This could be very much improved, although it gets the main plot across. But instead of ending with he survives you should say how he survives, or if the book just ends there waiting for a sequel. Sentence structure and transition are the two main components you should work on.

3 out of 4 people found this comment useful. There are too many grammatical mistakes in this essay ie: plain = plane. Mfa Creative Writing? Also this essay seems to mfa creative writing reading list not grasp the real theme behind Hatchet. I remember reading this when I was 14 in school, and from what I can remember it is for character analysis all about human strength and the ability to overcome trials and tribulations if you put your mind to it. I feel that this essay fails to really connect with the emotional strength that is sprawled in mfa creative writing, the pages of this booklet. About? This essay would have been better if you had taken the hatchet, from which the title was derived and explained it as a means of imagery for the thematic plot of the story, and it would have also connected the plot summary you have provided with an analysis of the book. In a book report it is all very well giving a plot summary, but you also have to analyse it as well to show that you are able to comprehend and critically analyse the reading work. Once you do this you will see that your grades will dramatically improve. From my experience teachers are not after a shortened version of the story, they are after the connection you felt with it. If you add some emotional aspects like how Brian felt disparaged and completely alone when he emerged from the plane crash, but through inner strength he manages to dissertation enfance overcome the lack of food, sickness and the psychological strain that occurs being naked in the canadian wilderness.

7 out of 10 people found this comment useful. i liked it but it has a lot of grammar mistakes and you need to make the end more interesting than just he survived. Mfa Creative Reading? it needs to say how he survived. 3 out of 6 people found this comment useful. The sentences are choppy and many of them make no sense. This essay has absolutely no flow and there is no way that you could get 100% in an 8th grade class for something like this. Thesis? 1 out of 2 people found this comment useful. I agree with Hoba, but I would have not been so kind. I bought this paper as a frame of reference for my FIFTH GRADER'S report because I didn't want to read the book.

Her rough draft is 5 times better than this. This paper is terrible. If this is 8th grade A quality in this country, we're doomed. too much wrong with it to justify my time. Stay in writing list, school or keep your day job. 0 out of 1 people found this comment useful. New York Writing Application Deadline? The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway. . to illuminate this belief. Hemingway was the second of six children of Clarence and Grace Hemingway. Upon graduation from Oak Park High School in 1917, he chose journalism instead of college, and spent seven educational months as a cub reporter for mfa creative writing reading the Kansas City . 6 pages 321 Jan/1996 2.7.

Alternate forms of thesis suicide, Expression in the context of writing, Sweeney Todd by Stephen Sondheim. . the theater- very sophisticated When I was young, my mother always advised me to feel free to express my love to others. I took this advice and told all others to do so. And others did, I noticed as I grew up. As I grew up . 1 pages 81 Nov/1995 4.0. . , he was allowed to enroll at the University of Mississippi. There he studied English, Spanish, and French, but he was only in residence for one full academic year. For Character? He took a job in mfa creative writing list, a bookstore in New York City, but he soon returned to cornell annotated tutorial Oxford. He . 5 pages 182 Mar/1997 3.7.

. the mfa creative writing reading list new era went on, it brought life to Fitzgerald's story which became and instant hit. This Side of Paradise. And during America 's decade of prosperity, excess, and abandon, he became noted as the spokesman for the Jazz Age. He continued to write, and he . Enfance? 2 pages 96 Mar/1996 3.4. . was caught exposing herself in public, would be shunned and looked down upon. Loyalty and commitment to the family was very important during this time.

Regardless of writing reading list, their family problems, they were expected to endure and cornell bibliography tutorial, stay faithful. [ In fact, ] ' the nineteenth century's message . 2 pages 195 Feb/1997 3.4. Tunnel Essay Sarah Ellis' main character, Ken, in her. . Sarah Ellis' short story, Ken faces a problem that involves great amounts of fear and bravery . 3 pages 2 Feb/2008 0.0. The Apprenticeship Of Duddy Kravitz: Family Relationships. . FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS Simcha, Max Benjy A father son relationship . Mfa Creative Reading List? lived 54 years and lots of cornell library bibliography, . 1 pages 3 Oct/2001 0.0. . washing machine and set to repairing it himself. He picked up a table and chairs at an auction and . Writing Reading? 1 pages 5 Nov/2001 5.0. . loyal customers. One of thesis suicide, HEB's food and drugstores in the Rio Grande Valley is the first HEB store . Mfa Creative Reading List? 4 pages 11 Feb/2008 0.0. About? Suicide Note, by Janice Mirikitani. . and also not good . person to take their life just to writing reading list get attention, and application, .

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Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in writing reading response to the prompt that appears below . The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the criteria for suicide, each score point, see the Analyze an mfa creative reading, Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is thesis rarely used for reading, these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from residents about the quality of the good thesis analysis river's water and the river's smell. In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the river for water sports is therefore sure to increase.

The city government should for that reason devote more money in writing reading list this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to 5 steps for a essay devote more money to riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for increased resources based on river use. It is easy to mfa creative list understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of good thesis for character analysis city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey. For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river.

The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. Mfa Creative Writing. We just do not know. 5 Steps Successful. Unless the survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to reading list effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is essay polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on mfa creative reading, river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of river use and the river's current state is classification essay not effectively made. Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon mfa creative writing reading, the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the river's water and the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied.

But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of thesis sulphur due to the geography of the area. This is writing reading not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon river usage. Regardless of thesis whether the river's quality is able to be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is list not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6. This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to good thesis for character analysis spend more on riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the river’s pollution and mfa creative writing, odor are the only reasons for enfance, its limited recreational use that efforts to mfa creative writing reading clean the university mfa creative application deadline water and mfa creative reading, remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is classification prompts highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the weakness of the entire argument. For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the mfa creative writing tenuous connection between complaints and suicide, limited use of the river for recreation. Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up.

Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at the beginning of paragraphs 3 and 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . . . assumptions and may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of mfa creative reading subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 5 steps for a 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an list, interesting argument but to move forward on the proposal would definitely require more information and thought. While the good thesis for character analysis correlations stated are logical and mfa creative reading, probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to this project.

For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for essay, water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and writing list, vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites.

What remains unknown is the priorities of the about general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field? Are they willing to sacrifice the writing municipal golf course for better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of university application deadline improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in writing reading list increased usage. While it is enfance not illogical to mfa creative expect some increase, at classification prompts what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to mfa creative writing this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the river. Classification Essay Prompts. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to usage or the lack of docks and piers?

Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the state promise to mfa creative clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives. Thesis About Suicide. Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort?

Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the mfa creative reading list riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the river clean-up. Last, the prompts author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to mfa creative writing reading list determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from thesis suicide, other key projects from road improvements to schools and education. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the budget. Mfa Creative Writing List. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is required to warrant any action. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 5.

Each paragraph in the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to cornell library annotated bibliography tutorial clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and writing reading list, thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of university Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the writing list argument to good for character fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Mfa Creative Writing List. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate). Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in analysis a logical order and considers their connections. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to mfa creative writing reading list the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ).

Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of rhetorical questions, but the mfa creative writing deadline implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the writing reading list response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6. The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and successful essay, recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the writing reading recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the classification essay need for the city government to devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the mfa creative writing Mason River for water sports is because of the smell and the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable.

If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from cornell university bibliography tutorial, some other important city project. Mfa Creative Writing Reading. Also, if the cornell bibliography tutorial assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the mfa creative writing money for tutorial, the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to reading clean up the river to attract more people in the first place. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the annotated bibliography tutorial river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the mfa creative writing list first assumption is questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Successful. Thus, the response is adequately developed and satisfactorily organized to show how the mfa creative writing list argument depends on 5 steps for a essay, questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the survey is reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of its own.

Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for reading list, water sports. This response is generally free of errors in grammar and usage and displays sufficient control of dissertation language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to mfa creative writing reading speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is enfance so evident, why has the writing list river not been used? The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the classification essay river, but their desire for a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. Mfa Creative Reading List. If the budget is essay changed to accomodate the clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise.

The residents will then begin to complain about other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the list great emphasis being placed on Mason River. If more money is taken out of the 5 steps budget to mfa creative clean the river an thesis suicide, assumption can be made. List. This assumption is thesis that the mfa creative reading list budget for another part of cit maintenance or building will be tapped into to. In addition, to the budget being used to clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to appease its residents, and one can warrant that the role of the 5 steps for a government is to please the people. There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the river to be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities. The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the mfa creative writing reading list argument’s assumptions.

The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the new york university deadline survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the city park department, a prediction of budget problems and mfa creative writing reading, the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of unstated assumptions remains limited and 5 steps for a, therefore earns a score of 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in mfa creative writing reading list it which is thesis not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence.

However, it seems to have a ralation between the first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the mfa creative list quality of the river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and result to solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to library annotated tutorial clean up the river. Mfa Creative Writing Reading. As a result, the state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is not appropriate for the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the city government might devote the budget to another issue. This statement is also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2. Although this essay appears to be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to any unstated assumptions. Essay Prompts. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. Reading List. The statement also assumes that if the state cleans up the about river, the use of the river for mfa creative, water sports will definitely increase.

Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of for character analysis this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Writing Reading. Sentence 1 states an new york mfa creative writing application, assumption that is actually not present in the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications. Although the response may begin to mfa creative address the writing deadline assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is clearly extremely brief . providing little evidence of an organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the scores you want them to see only list with the ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the thesis Power of reading list Learning. ®

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MLA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used in writing custom essays, research and mfa creative reading list term papers in many fields. MLA essay format is most widely used in the field of humanities and classification prompts liberal arts. The Modern Language Association recommendations to mfa creative writing reading list formatting essays were updated in essay, 2009. Among the new rules of mfa creative reading list formatting, the classification essay prompts, Works Cited or References list is the requirement of indicating the writing, medium of publication for every cited source. It could be a Print source for books and classification articles or a Web source for on-line sources. MLA referencing can be a bit confusing because it can be used with either Chicago/Turabian style footnotes or APA / Harvard style in-text referencing. Since it can be used with either one, the writer must choose which reference style to use. In MLA formats, using in-text referencing is the more popular choice. By doing this, in-text references will be provided, as will the source list at the end of the essay.

However, if you use footnotes instead of in-text citations, you may be allowed to do without Bibliography page. You may follow MLA template to easily adjust your paper to format requirements. Following this MLA template you may easily accustom your paper to reading MLA format requirements . You can use the MLA template for making your work look like a professional one. The text in 5 steps successful, MLA style essay format is typed with a double space. This rule concerns the basic text of mfa creative writing your essay, along with the formatting of in-text citations and the Works Cited page.

12-font size is preferable. Times New Roman or any other standard typeface is used in cornell library bibliography tutorial, the MLA format essay . One-inch margins are used on mfa creative writing reading all sides of your essay, research or term paper. Remember that the headings in the MLA essay format are no longer underlined. According to the recommendations of the Modern Language Association, the headings have to be italicized or typed in thesis suicide, bold. The first line of each paragraph has to be indented a half inch from the left side. You should put page numbers at the top, and justify it to the right. It is not a mandatory requirement, but it is recommended that you type your last name before the mfa creative writing, page number, if the paper is several pages.Using this MLA template for Word simply change the classification prompts, editable fields and follow the mfa creative writing reading, guidelines within the text. Here you may find an thesis, example of proper MLA essay formatting. While citing a book, periodical, electronic source, etc. in an essay written in mfa creative writing reading, MLA style , you should provide a reference after each citation. Otherwise, it would be seen as plagiarism, which is 5 steps successful, absolutely unacceptable. Mfa Creative Writing List. The same concerns indirect in-text references.

Be very attentive while formatting your essay. Remember that your research may fail if MLA citations are formatted in an improper way. The following rules must be observed while writing an essay in MLA style. Short citations If a citation used in the text of a MLA style essay is short, it should be indicated in double quotation marks. At the prompts, end of the citation, you have to state the author’s name and mfa creative writing the page number where the MLA citations are from in the text. This information should be enclosed in round brackets (parenthesis) . Example : If you want to quote from a book Greenmantle of John Buchan from 1916. It will look like this: “There never has been, and there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (Buchan 154).

Note : there is no comma or full stop between the authors’ last name and page number. In cases when the author of a book has been already mentioned in the sentence , just indicate the page number in university library bibliography tutorial, reference. Example: As Buchan wrote “There never has been, and mfa creative reading list there never could be a real Superman … But there might be a Superwoman” (154). Long citations. For A Successful. When a citation takes more than three lines of a typed text, it is called a long citation and has to be placed separately from a new line. Quotation marks are not used in this case. However, the author’s name and writing the page number should still be indicated in round brackets. Example: One of the characters in Kipling’s novel Kim describes the Mutiny in the following way: A madness ate into all the Army, and they turned against their officers. That was the first evil, but not past remedy if they had then held their hands.

But they chose to kill the Sahibs’ wives and children. Then came the Sahibs from over the sea and called them to thesis about most strict account (Kipling 77). Reducing of citation If the original citation in list, a MLA essay is reduced or you simply omit some words in the cited sentence, you should place three periods in place of those words. The omitting of words in dissertation autobiographie enfance, MLA citations is used in reading, cases when you are directly interested in essay, only part of the writing list, statement of the author in the original source, which is new york writing, located in the middle of the writing, quoted sentence. In this situation, you can preserve the essay prompts, key information and omit the details that you do not need. Example: Lawrence was compared to reading list “a caliph . . 5 Steps For A. . who had stepped out reading list, from the pages of ‘The Arabian nights’” (Thomas 16) Adding information . In the dissertation, MLA essay , it is allowable to add your own commentaries or notes within MLA citations, but they should be enclosed in square brackets. Example: When discussing civil rights, it is hard to writing not mention Martin Luther King Jr., who was a man who was passionate about the words of the Emancipation Proclamation: “…a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of about Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice” (King 813). More than one source of mfa creative reading reference If you cite more than one book in a sentence of a MLA essay , then at the end of the sentence indicate in brackets all references, dividing them with a semicolon.

Example : David Lloyd George characterized Lord Kitchener as a a controversial figure who was admired as “a legend of the British empire, to whom the Orient added its greatness”, but at the same time as a man whose “brain has dried out under the hot sun of the desert” (15; 47). Books with no author mentioned When you cite this type of essay prompts work, indicate the title in italics and the page number in the parenthesis. Example: As stated by the presidential commission … (Report 4) In-text citations in mfa creative list, a MLA essay usually provide brief information about the reference and they have to correspond to the information indicated in the Works Cited list at the end of essay. To get detailed information about the formatting of Works Cited list in a MLA style read the new york mfa creative writing deadline, paragraph devoted to MLA Works Cited List Format at P rof E ssays.com. The formatting of writing list your research or term paper may become rather difficult. Thesis About Suicide. In the MLA format essay, both the footnotes and in-text citations may be used. If you are not sure which you should choose, you may ask for professional help from P rof E ssays.com. Our writers are ready to assist you in writing and formatting your MLA essay, 24 hours a day/7 days a week. P rof E ssays.com is mfa creative, just one click away when you want to order a custom essay, research or term paper that will comply with all your requirements.

The process of gathering and formatting the successful, information for your custom essay, research or term paper is quite exhausting. Improper formatting of citations may spoil the results of your hard work. Writing Reading List. Order you paper at P rof E ssays.com and be sure to get a custom essay, research or term paper that will correspond to the latest recommendations of formatting a MLA Style Essay P rof E ssays.com is a custom essay writing service provider that will guide you in writing your MLA format essay . Be sure that our custom essay will correspond to all requirements of formatting both in-text citations with the Works Cited List and footnotes. P rof E ssays.com is the best place to buy MLA format essays of the highest quality. The title page in the MLA essay format is not compulsory, so when there is no special requirement of writing it, never do it.

However, there are specific requirements to the first page in MLA essay. Learn how to format your MLA Title Page properly with us. Type your name, the name of your instructor, the title of the course and the date in the upper left-hand corner of the first page. The title of your essay should be indicated within a double spaced interval in the middle of the title page. Remember that the title of your MLA essay is never underlined, italicized or enclosed in quotation marks.

The text of your MLA essay comes next to the title with a double space. If your instructor asked you to write an MLA title page , then you should comply with all the autobiographie enfance, rules of formatting the cover page in a MLA style. MLA Format Outline (Click on Image to Enlarge) There might be a working outline , that is usually done and mfa creative writing reading list even submitted before writing an essay and a final outline that is submitted together with the essay. Classification Essay. Needless to say that both can be done in MLA format . MLA outline should be done on a separate page. The title of the essay should be typed at the top of the page and writing reading list centered. Introduction and conclusion are numbered in the MLA format outline . Use different types of numbers/letters for dissertation autobiographie, different levels of MLA outline . If you want to reflect your sub-points in mfa creative writing, MLA outline , remember that the cornell university annotated bibliography, section of outline can’t have only one sub-section. Mfa Creative List. So, logic requires that at each level of the essay, outline if you have sub-section “A” in your paper, you need to have a “B”; or if you have point “1”, you need point “2”, etc. MLA Works Cited List Format (Click on Image to Enlarge) The detailed information about the author, the title, the year of publication, the publishing house and the overall number of pages in mfa creative writing reading list, a book, periodical, etc. is provided at the end of your research in the part called Works Cited, References or Bibliography. The MLA format sets specific rules of formatting the Woks Cited list.

Every essay or manuscript written in MLA style has to implement these rules. All books, periodicals, electronic sources, etc. in cited within the MLA essay format must be arranged in alphabetical order by the last name of the author. Classification. In cases when there is no author, the references must be listed alphabetically by their titles. When you are citing several books by the same author , arrange them in reading, the Works cited list alphabetically by their title. When you do the references of about this kind, you should put the author’s last name in front of writing reading his first name which shouldn’t be shortened.

The title of the book is listed after the author’s name, and then the place of publication, the publishing house and the year of publication. Do not forget to university library tutorial italicize the title of mfa creative writing a book. Example: Buchan, John. Greenmantle. London: Abacus, 1916. Print.

Note: According to the update in thesis suicide, 2009 for the rules of formatting MLA style essays, the medium of publication has to be represented too (for example, print or web sources). Referencing a publications of mfa creative writing reading several authors. When you deal with a book that has more than one author, the name of the first author in the MLA essay format must be inverted and the names of the second and the third ones have to be placed in the direct order. So be attentive to how you place the first name and then only the good for character, last name of the second author. Mfa Creative Writing List. In cases when there are more than three authors of the book, you can choose to list all names in the Works Cited list of thesis your MLA essay or just indicate the inverted name of the first author and add et al . Example: Lowi, Theodore, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Steve Jackson.

Analyzing American Government: American Government, Freedom and Power. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1994. Print. Some books are published by organizations, commissions, associations, committees and other corporate authors. When there is no single author distinguished on writing the cover page of a book, put the name of the corporate organization in the first place.

Example : Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art. A Guide to enfance the Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University. Mfa Creative Reading List. Ithaca, NY: Cornell U, 1973. Dissertation. Print. Referencing newspaper/journal articles.

The formatting of newspaper articles in mfa creative writing reading list, a MLA essay differs a lot from the formatting of cited books. The general scheme of citing a newspaper article is the following: at first you should indicate the author’s inverted name, then the title of article enclosed in cornell university bibliography, double quotation marks, then the title of newspaper, magazine, journal or any other periodical, then the day, month and year of publication, followed by the number of pages. Additionally, the medium of the publication has to be indicated in the Works Cited list in regards to the MLA style. Example : Smith, Lewis. Mfa Creative Writing Reading. “Leading scientist urges teaching of good creationism in schools”. The Times.

London, 2008, Sept 12. 6. Print. Note: Do not forget that while you are listing a book cited in your MLA essay, you have to italicize the title of a book, and in the case of a periodical, italicize the title of the periodical and not the title of the article. The month of publication has to be abbreviated (For example, Jan., Dec., etc.). Only May, June and July are never abbreviated. The qualified writers of P rof E ssays.com will help you to format your MLA essay according to the adopted rules. The general rules of reading list formatting on-line sources in MLA style written essays coincides with that established to formatting books and periodicals. Essay. The former requirement of representing the URL address of cited on-line source is simplified in the last edition of the MLA format rules. However, if your instructor still wants to see the URL in your MLA format reference list, you may include this information. The URL has to be indicated as additional information after the author’s name, article title, publisher’s name and list year of edition. Some on-line sources may not provide all the above-mentioned information.

In such cases, list the available information. When indicating the medium of publishing, put Web for on-line sources. Example : “MLA Format: Help with Writing Your Essay.” ProffEssays.com.. Essay. 2011, January. Writing. http://www.professays.com/info/mla-essay-format/ . Web. Note: Be sure the on-line source provides reliable information that will not mislead you. The preference in the choice of on-line sources is given to cornell annotated the official web sites of organizations, associations, libraries, museums, art galleries, etc. URL is indicated in angle brackets. P rof E ssays.com can easily assist you in writing and formatting MLA essays . Writing Reading. Our professional writers always use reliable sources of information and format MLA essay in accordance with the standard rules.

Though the preferable format of thesis a MLA essay includes the in-text citation, the Footnotes and Endnotes may still be used in the custom essay, research or term paper that is written in the MLA style. Footnotes and Endnotes are marked out in mfa creative writing list, the text by Arabic numbers in essay, superscript. The footnotes are indicated at the foot of every page and the endnotes are indicated at mfa creative list, the end of your paper on a separate page. Custom essay writing service providers, such as P rof E ssays.com , will help you to format the MLA footnotes and endnotes and to write an excellent custom essay, research or term paper. Please do not confuse headings with a header ! A header with author’s name is prompts, typed next to the page number at the top of reading each page. While heading refer to the title of your paper and classification prompts the the titles of its sections. MLA does not have strict regulations regarding the use of headings, just some general norms:

The headings of the MLA essay are usually typed in same font and mfa creative writing list size as the rest of the paper, however you are free to italicize them or type in bold. The title of the MLA paper should be centered. Each word in the title should start with a capital letter. Essay. All headings of the sections in MLA essay should be numbered, including Introduction and mfa creative writing reading list Conclusion .

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essay structure ncea How to write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for each of the types of writing you'll meet on reading list your course but this particular guide is 5 steps for a essay probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear?

W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration? Well, here's a way that make the whole process more satisfying and mfa creative list, enjoyable! Okay, he's off his rocker (but we won't worry as he's not real!). He's yet to discover that writing an essay is for a successful never going to be an easy task, even for the best writers.

But you're about to find out mfa creative writing reading, how it can be made much more straightforward , interesting and effective . Oh, and likely to gain you a significantly higher grade, too! So that's something to feel, well. just a little bit excited about! It's important to understand one thing before we start: unlike a maths or science question, an English essay question has no single 'correct' answer. You can breathe easy on university mfa creative writing application deadline that one. Mfa Creative Reading! It's just not like that.

In an English essay there is university annotated no one 'answer' and nothing to 'prove'. That isn't to say there aren't wrong answers - there are. These are those based on writing reading 'mis-readings' of your texts. Thesis For Character Analysis! But what your teacher or examiner wants is a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from writing list you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the essay question.

This is a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on cornell university annotated tutorial you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is mfa creative list merely a series of PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for thesis suicide, what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to mfa creative list such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed. The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is classification prompts a piece of writing that makes a strong and well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . Reading List! The view it makes the case for is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the thesis for character, essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of list, your opinion . Good Thesis! It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in writing reading list, Romeo and Juliet is 5 steps for a essay shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the characters of Mercutio and Tybalt and an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is mfa creative a view that is 5 steps successful well - considered, based on reading the text and reasonable to hold . Essays are about opinions, not facts.

This point is crucial to enfance take on writing board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. Thesis About! There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the mfa creative, text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of new york university mfa creative writing application deadline, view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to mfa creative list think in 5 steps for a essay, this particular way. How do you arrive at a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Mfa Creative Reading! Not least, this is because it puts to the test your knowledge of the text and good for character, your understanding of the essay title or question . Mfa Creative Writing List! The good news is dissertation autobiographie enfance that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for mfa creative writing list, an Effective Essay. As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the classification prompts, aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is sound . It is mfa creative writing these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to university tutorial set a confident tone early on in the essay. This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the list, story (poem or whatever) along with an equally brief statement of new york writing deadline, any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the writer to want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to avoid waffle and generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to reading keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the bulk of the essay.

It is mfa creative writing deadline a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and mfa creative writing, every paragraph in a way that is autobiographie clearly and directly developing the essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in list, your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found. It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to dissertation autobiographie enfance your teacher?

Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the writing, text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the entire essay, it now becomes much easier to good for character analysis search the text for mfa creative reading list, aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. ( point quotation comment ) system. For A Successful! This is needed to explain how and mfa creative reading, why the cornell library bibliography, aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to make the language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an mfa creative reading, effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the reader's understanding of the text and its themes (e.g. 'the effect of thesis for character analysis, this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. Mfa Creative! ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the writer's purpose )? E.g. New York University Writing Application! 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. 1!

Begin all of reading list, your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and its requirements, thus building up your overall argument. This will keep the essay on writing deadline track and writing reading, avoid the dissertation, plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in the form of writing reading, a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to new york application generate that all-important single main point of view to list it - the main idea upon enfance, which you will then base the remainder of your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of points with each point explained , developed and supported in a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to mfa creative writing reading list explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and new york university mfa creative, nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the writing reading, opening paragraph - the first of what is called the body paragraphs of your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to say and do in Act One of the play.

The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the theme of ambition is shown through these two characters in some part of Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the 5 steps for a successful essay, text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of reading list, 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations. The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in library tutorial, complete contrast to reading list his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie.

Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an essay, important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL! Essays take a great deal of effort and time and list, so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is dissertation enfance a lack of understanding of the writing, text on which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to thesis about know your text well. You won't succeed if you don't!

I f you struggle with the text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher. There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to writing reading list waffle , vagueness and classification essay prompts, generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the mfa creative writing list, text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the cornell bibliography, meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in mfa creative writing, it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to use at about least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph.

Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to mfa creative list discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is thesis your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is reading list called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at dissertation autobiographie the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to mfa creative writing reading list help with this or write the aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and purpose intended . 3. WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH.

Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to the essay question: that is, to explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view. Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Thesis Analysis! Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of mfa creative, your essay you will also need to write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on the requirements of the thesis analysis, essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in mfa creative writing reading list, the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and digested the detail of good, three key aspects of the essay: the list, essay question, the text and 5 steps, its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to writing list incorporate into thesis suicide your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the mfa creative reading list, text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations.

Keep all references to university annotated bibliography tutorial the biographical background of the reading list, author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and autobiographie enfance, literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to mfa creative writing list discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the 5 steps essay, context. TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. Saying that Shakespeare is writing 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to your essay. 4. USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of classification, paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to reading list expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint.

Having stated your main idea in cornell library annotated bibliography, your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the text for reading list, this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is dissertation enfance to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on how the language of reading list, each of new york mfa creative, these parts led you to form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the mfa creative reading, text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is a sentence that clearly makes a point that is developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on track; Always aim to 5 steps for a provide support for each of the points you make by mfa creative writing list referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens.

If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the successful essay, staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the writing reading, author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for university writing application deadline, example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the method the writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to show how the writing reading, quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the university bibliography, EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end. Avoid starting your essay by discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the list, end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the cornell library, work the writer puts in to writing list develop an effective structure to for a their text - and loses marks! 6. Mfa Creative Writing Reading! CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students.

It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the good thesis for character analysis, main ideas behind the mfa creative list, essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the dissertation autobiographie, same words): list or summarise the reading list, main points from the preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and explored. The conclusion should consist of just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to good thesis analysis the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY. Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and reading, should be - fairness and dignity. Dissertation Autobiographie! These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.'

Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. Writing Reading List! And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about a text at the level of its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in essay, important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of mfa creative reading list, language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. For Character! Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the mfa creative reading, look - the form - of 5 steps, your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the reading list, writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in new york university mfa creative writing application, sentences and paragraphs of mfa creative, varying lengths (you can imagine the effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example). The use of dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is also an effective use of form, as is the use of 5 steps for a successful, underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the mfa creative reading list, inclusion of bullet points or sections.

Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by new york application deadline consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the writing list, poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of enfance, a line, or by mfa creative writing rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on. A playwright, of course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from what you see happening on the stage - the staging and stage action. This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the content of suicide, a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the writing reading list, author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'.

This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and university, interesting . Mfa Creative! Words and phrases can be used differently from their literal context and given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and new york university writing, feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning. E.g. 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to writing list suggest a metaphorical darkness is 5 steps for a successful essay taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on mfa creative list words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of dissertation, which might be humorous.

Irony is a key way that writers use to create layers of meaning. Sarcasm is irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to reading hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing. Irony is university library bibliography usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of mfa creative reading, language. But irony can also be difficult to good thesis for character recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the various levels of meaning created by mfa creative writing reading list the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the original sound of voice and for a successful essay, facial expression or body language of the speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to writing reading list be chosen with great care. It is a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the writer is taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by cornell university annotated bibliography O. Henry called 'The Gift of the Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in order to buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of her long hair cut off to mfa creative writing sell to enfance a wig maker so she can afford to reading buy him. a chain for university mfa creative writing deadline, his watch.

Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to make it as effective as possible for mfa creative writing, their audience and their purpose. It is important to thesis suicide comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and mfa creative writing reading list, language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to successful essay one that is more emotional and persuasive! Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. Reading List! John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the cornell university library annotated, stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. Writing List! if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the cornell university library bibliography, mark scheme, and always made clear in the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the writing reading list, texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and dissertation autobiographie, contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay.

When writing about more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and mfa creative list, sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on dissertation to the mfa creative reading, second - still using the autobiographie enfance, techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and mfa creative reading, contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in 5 steps essay, which examples to support the list, points are taken from good for character analysis one or both texts as relevant to the point. This second method is the more complex and writing, sophisticated of the 5 steps for a successful, two.

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Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” Alfred Hitchcock was one of the mfa creative reading list, most outstanding filmmakers of the 20th century. He was born in 1899 in Leytonstone, East London. In 1920, Hitchcock obtained a full-time job designing film titles. Cornell University? While working, he endeavored to learn as much as he could about the film business. Within 3 years of starting his job at list the studio, Hitchcock became an assistant director and, in thesis about suicide 1925, a director.

In a career spanning six decades, Hitchcock made 53 films, the best of mfa creative writing reading, which are at once suspenseful, exciting, disturbing, funny and romantic. We will write a custom essay sample. on Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” or any similar. topic specifically for you. The so-called ‘master of suspense’ pioneered many of the techniques of the thriller genre, and remains highly influential to this day. He was one of the first directors to portray psychological processes in good thesis analysis film narrative.

During much of Hitchcock’s career, Freud’s ideas were dominant, and although Hitchcock was skeptical of psychoanalysis, Freudian concepts and motifs recur in many of his films. Hitchcock’s films usually centre on either murder or espionage, with deception, mistaken identities, and list, chase sequences complicating and enlivening the plot. Three main themes predominate in Hitchcock’s films. The most common is that of the innocent man who is mistakenly suspected or accused of a crime and who must then track down the real perpetrator in order to thesis analysis, clear himself. Examples of films having this theme include The Lodger, Strangers on a Train, I Confess, To Catch a Thief, The Wrong Man, and Frenzy. The second theme is mfa creative reading list, that of the guilty woman who enmeshes a male protagonist and ends up either destroying him or being saved by him; examples of this theme include Blackmail, Notorious, Rebecca, Vertigo, and university mfa creative application, Marnie. The third theme is that of the (frequently psychopathic) murderer whose identity is established during the working out of the plot; examples of this theme include Shadow of a Doubt, Rope, Rear Window, and Psycho. Hitchcock’s films always have close relationship with Freud’s psychoanalysis.

Through the devices of suspense and horror in writing list his movies, he produced the perfect combination of film and psychology, which presents the audiences a vivid interpretation of Freud’s psychoanalysis. Page 2 Freud’s Psychoanalysis of the Film “Psycho” Essay. is the first great film director who explained Freud’s psychoanalysis theories, such as dream analysis, psychological trauma, Libido, Oedipus complex in his movies. Therefore, to some extent, he promoted the widely spread of for a successful, Freud’s theories. Reading List? Thus, people regard Hitchcock as “the Freud in movie industry”. Freud’s work was very influential during the 20th century. He became known as the founding father of psychoanalysis. Some of the important ideas that he introduced are the idea of human psyche being divided into 3 parts: the 5 steps successful essay, id, ego and superego, the Oedipus/Electra complex, stages in the development of a child etc. We will elaborate on these ideas once we start the detailed analysis of the mfa creative reading, movie Psycho.

Since a movie is a product of the times when it was filmed, it naturally depicts the society of that time. Hitchcock’s movies, in particular, give us an insight into the abnormality that existed beneath the surface of the perfect American society. There was a sense of uniformity that pervaded American society during the 1950s. Conformity was common, as young and old alike followed group norms rather than striking out on their own. Though men and women had been forced into new employment patterns during World War II, once the war was over, traditional roles were reaffirmed. Men were expected to be the breadwinners; women, even when they worked, assumed their proper place was at home.

Women were expected to be perfect, in essay prompts every way. They were expected to wear pearls and high heels and await the return of mfa creative list, their all-knowing husband. Women were trained into this routine from an early age. 5 Steps For A Successful? Everyone wanted the perfect TV family. Television and mfa creative, other forms of technology became widespread through the country. TV shows like Leave it to Beaver and The Honeymooners showed how it was to be a family in the 1950’s. The television gave much of the country something to do. 5 Steps? It changed the model of the home, living rooms now revolved around the television set.

Domestic comedies stretched the values and morals of the time period. What was portrayed on television became accepted as normal. The ideal family, the ideal schools and reading list, neighborhoods, the for character, world, were all seen in a way which had only mfa creative writing reading list partial basis in reality. For this reason people have often also assumed that these fictional households ought to mirror not simply family life in general, but their own personal values regarding it. However, the society in America held millions of secrets.

Outwardly, people appeared to hold higher values and morals than they practiced in their family and about suicide, private lives. What was under this perfect image was a wasteland of cheap houses, bored men commuting to mfa creative writing reading list, work, unhappy housewives, and greedy, demanding children. Society affects the psychology of an individual by setting number of rules, expectations and laws. From the point of view of psychologists, psychological illnesses stem from society’s demand that some of our instincts be repressed. People are pressurized to keep the appearance of leading a life according to social norms and if they do something that is not socially accepted, it must be hidden. From the very beginning of the film Psycho, Hitchcock takes us behind closed doors and into the secret lives of his characters.

The opening scene presents a survey of the city of Phoenix. As we scan the buildings, the camera focuses on one building and takes us closer until we enter through an opened window to find the main female character Marion Crane and her lover Sam in thesis about suicide a motel room. , from here on, the pattern of moving deeper than surface appearances to find aspects of life normally unseen continues. At first sight, Marion is a respectable young lady who works as a secretary in mfa creative writing reading Phoenix. However, she has a secret love affair with Sam, a divorced man with severe financial difficulties. Marion’s love for Sam drives her to steal 40 000 dollars in order to help him. Freud would explain this action as stemming from the id. Freud offered a structural model of the human psyche consisting of 3 elements: id, ego and superego. The id relies on the “pleasure principle” looking only for gratification and not looking at the consequences.

The super ego aims for dissertation what’s right and it runs on guilt. Reading? Both the id and superego conflict with each other to 5 steps for a essay, produce the ego, or the culture of the society. The ego is the meeting of the id with the writing reading list, superego; it represses the inappropriate desires of the id. Essay? The ego leads to the development of self. Hitchcock demonstrates the Id when Marion steals the mfa creative reading, $40000; she was looking only upon the gratification of the money. In the opening scene, Marion Crane is half undressed in a motel room with Sam wearing a white bra because Hitchcock wanted to show her as being “angelic”.

After she has taken the money, the following scene with Marion undressed occurs when she is packing for her escape to California but now she is wearing a black bra because now she has done something wrong. As she exits the town to escape judgment, her super-ego attempts to enforce conscious morality. She imagines conversations between those hurt by classification essay prompts her crime: her boss, her sister, her boyfriend, and writing list, the man she stole the money from. She is still not dissuaded and continues. The split personality motif reaches the height of its foreshadowing power as Marion battles both sides of her conscience while driving towards the Bates Motel. Marion wrestles with the voices of those that her crime and disappearance has affected. While driving, she imagines a conversation with Sam, a conversation of new york university writing, her boss with her colleague, and writing reading list, a conversation between her boss and his client from whom she has stolen the money. We hear their voices on the sound track as an interior monologue.

This voices stand for the superego and we can see it in the next scene. For the first time Marion is acting in a neurotic way, now that she is under pressure because of the money she is stealing to finance her marriage with Sam. We see her nervous and uneasy face in a close-up. She obviously has come under stress, which is why she cannot control her thoughts and cornell university library tutorial, actions. Marion suffers from writing, bad conscience, and her sense of classification essay prompts, guilt is intensified. The pounding music helps to sustain the neurotic atmosphere of the sequence, when Marion continues driving.

It is not a coincidence that it’s raining at this particular moment. The rain foreshadows that something bad is going to happen. She stops for the night at the isolated Bates Motel. Its owner, Norman Bates, tells Marion he rarely has customers since the new highway bypassed the place. He mentions he lives with his mother in the grim-looking house overlooking his motel and invites Marion to share supper with him.

Bates lives under the monarchy of his dominant mother, which forms his weakness in personality. However, it seems that he loves his mother very much, which we can see from the way he talks about her to Marion. We can hear Norman saying that “a boy’s best friend is his mother”. His strong attachment to writing reading list, his mother, despite the way she treats him, is obvious and about, that’s why he can’t picture being away from her which we can conclude from the writing reading list, further dialogue between Marion and Norman. At this point we can conclude, by the way Norman talks about thesis for character analysis his mother, that their relationship is quite unusual. He was jealous of mfa creative writing reading list, his mother’s lover, since he felt that she neglected him because of her lover.

This is best seen when he says that ”a son is a poor substitute for a lover”. Norman’s wish to classification, substitute the role of his m’s lover and his own father represents the Oedipus complex. The Oedipus complex is one of Freud’s basic theories of psychoanalysis. In psychoanalytic theory, the term Oedipus complex denotes the emotions and mfa creative writing reading list, ideas that the mind keeps in the unconscious, via dynamic repression, that concentrates upon a child’s desire to sexually possess the parent of the opposite sex. Sigmund Freud who coined the term “Oedipus complex” believed that the Oedipus complex is a desire for the parent in both males and females; during the classification essay, early childhood, the boy desires the mother, and the girl desires the father, which is a universal phenomenon of human-beings. However, from the primitive society to modern civilization, incest is unaccepted and intolerable by the society. Due to this, the desire becomes the illusion, which can only be deeply buried into one’s unconsciousness. During one’s whole life, the writing list, desire and illusion is repressed. Freud thinks that this is the main psychological matter of childhood. All the complex psychological activities originated from it. To most people, the existence of this phenomenon is thesis about suicide, a shame of morality.

Thus, people feel guilty about it. Through the analysis of reading list, Oedipus complex, people find that children’s sexual instinct and its development plays an important role in one’s psychological development of whole life. In order for the boy to new york mfa creative writing deadline, resolve the Oedipus complex, he must repress these fantasies. The essence of repression lies simply in the turning something away, and mfa creative writing reading, keeping it at a distance, from the thesis, conscious. If they remain hidden in the subconscious, they manifest themselves in the neuroses and psychoses of the individual. Oedipus complex occurs in mfa creative writing reading the unresolved oedipal phase which comes after 3 crucial stages of the development of a “self”. The first stage is enfance, a stage of narcissism, self love or auto-eroticism. The second one is an reading list attachment to loved objects and the third, surrender to the laws of necessity or reality.

These stages constitute a process of new york, maturing, or producing an ego, a self, and I. There is another stage, called the mirror stage, which is positioned between primary narcissism (love for self) and attachment to loved objects (love for mfa creative reading list others), that is thesis for character analysis, between the first and second stage of development. Freud sees the mfa creative writing, child as existing in a stage of undifferentiation, experiencing self love, not distinguishing between self and other. This distinction appears when a libidinal drive (instinctual biological drive) is directed from self to an object external to it. What is formed in this shift is prompts, recognition of self as object, as if seen in a mirror, the mirror constituted by the looks of mfa creative reading, others. Thesis? This self is the ego, and reading, becomes the means of self-definition and identification. After dinner, Marion goes back to her room and steps into the tub to classification prompts, enjoy a cleansing shower. Let’s see that famous shower scene. The shower scene is for sure in Hitchcock’s cinema the most famous one (not to mfa creative reading, say one of the most famous of the whole cinema).

The fact that Hitchcock killed off the main female character in library annotated tutorial the movie, after just half an hour was only reading list one of his many unheard of elements. Even a flushing toilet — considered a vulgar sight — had never been seen in such a big movie. What contributes to essay prompts, suspense while watching this scene is also the music. The person who watches the scene is affected by mfa creative writing reading list the mood of the music feeling the tension, but also understands what is going to happen. The slashing of the knife and the screaming along with music are very impressive.

Hitchcock used screeching violins, violas, and cellos to achieve the perfect soundtrack for the shower scene. In search for Marion, her sister and her fiancee end up in the Bates motel. The moment of revelation happens when Marion’s sister enters the essay, house and writing list, goes to the basement. Good? This is where she finds the mfa creative writing reading list, corpse of Norman’s mother, and everything becomes clear when Norman enters the room dressed in woman’s clothes. Norman’s mother is dead, and 5 steps essay, that he was the mfa creative, one who killed Marion. When Norman killed them his personality was completely overtaken by his mother and he was no longer capable of being his individual self. When arrested, he is treated as a psychiatric case, and good, later on the psychiatrist explains Norman’s pathology in detail, introducing a villain/monster who isn’t driven by the usual motives. The psychiatrist is there because Norman’s motives are so complex that they require a Freudian explanation. Mfa Creative List? Viewers have empathized with Norman throughout the movie because he is presented as a nice, cute, lonely guy. So at the end, the new york university mfa creative writing application deadline, psychological explanation is necessary to show how someone not that different from the mfa creative list, ordinary viewer could become such a twisted killer. It is Norman’s intense attachment to new york university writing application deadline, his mother that leads to his split and alternate personality.

Two souls exist in his body, one is mfa creative, himself, another is analysis, his mother. What is interesting is that his love to his mother makes him produce illusions. When mother’s personality controls him, he feels that his mother loves him mutually, so the mfa creative writing list, mother is jealous about the young ladies her son is attracted to. New York University Application Deadline? Consequently, the mother wants to kill them. Thus, Bates becomes a serial killer of beautiful girls. The Oedipus complex transcends cultural and social boundaries, manifesting itself in the psyche and popular culture of society. The last shot of Psycho imposes Norman’s face with that of the “Mother half” who has now “won” the mfa creative reading, battle for application deadline control of his personality.

In the mfa creative writing reading, final scene Norman, shares his thoughts with the audience. Only his thoughts are those of university writing application, his mother confirming the mfa creative list, schizophrenic split personality disorder. Norman is an thesis for character analysis example of the extreme manifestation of the oedipal complex. Norman’s dysfunctional desire, a result of the family romance, creates a sentiment that he is the victim of a never completed oedipal trajectory. Reading? Bates is entrapped by his suffocating past and thesis, is therefore taken over by his own vision of the mother. The two names of the main characters, Marion and Norman, are almost anagrams of each other. This encourages the audience to see the characters as mirror images of each other, and how normality (Marion) has within it abnormality (Norman). We know that Marion’s id is shown when she decides to take the money; however, her superego takes over when she understands the consequences of her act and writing reading, when she decides to go back and fix what she has done. This is the ego and superego coming together to deal with the impacts of reality. Another interesting aspect to the name Norman has been pointed out: “he who is thesis about, neither woman nor man”. Norman has a sexually confused identity, and mfa creative reading, his name supports this fragmented state.

Others have suggested that three levels of the Psycho house correspond to Superego (upstairs), Ego (main floor), and id (cellar). The setting is gothic: the house is gloomy, cluttered and infested with a secret personality. Norman’s parlor is filled with stuffed birds, and classification essay, Marion’s motel room is adorned with pictures of birds. While girls are associated with birds, Norman (who is also a woman in his mind) associates himself with birds as well. Norman truly holds a psychotic position-both aggressor and victim. The aggression is seen in his last name. Bates sounds like “baits,” and Marion’s last name of Crane situates her character as “bird” in a story where Norman’s hobby of taxidermy lends itself to the stuffing of birds.

Crane takes the bait and becomes victim. The city Marion starts from also symbolizes a bird. The Phoenix, in Egyptian mythology, is a bird which is consumed by its own flames, only to rise again from its own ashes. The phoenix of Psycho is the mother -she arose from her death renewed in the form of Norman. We’ve come to the end of our presentation. We talked about Hitchcock’s work, we discussed Freud’s theories through the writing list, movie, and explained the major symbols in dissertation autobiographie enfance the movie. If ‘Psycho’ has taught us anything, it’s that we live in a world without reassurance. We cannot trust our own perception, whether we’re peeping at others or looking in mfa creative writing reading the mirror.

And if we look through the killer’s eyes and recognize that he is not so different from us, what does that say about us? Thank you for your attention, if you have any questions, feel free to ask.