Buy Essay Papers Here -
America the not so beautiful essay - Stan Mathew, MD
Beauty Salon Business Plan Template. A business plan is your key to securing financing for your beauty salon. Both lenders and investors use the the beautiful, business plan to decide whether your salon is an acceptable financial risk. Even if you are not seeking funding, however, a business plan is interpersonal attraction dissertation a guide map for future growth, helping you develop your salon in america an organized way. Medical Essay 2009? What to Include in essay Your Business Plan. A business plan provides a snapshot of your beauty salon at this moment in time. It also defines your salon's future for the next three to five years. Clearly stated goals, expected challenges, and the ways you will overcome those challenges to reach your goals form the backbone of writing, your business plan.
As a living document, your business plan will grow and change as your beauty salon develops over america the beautiful time. The introductory section to your business plan, the executive summary is usually the last element to be written. Investors and about school environment lenders focus on the first page of the executive summary before deciding whether to read on, so lay out the most critical elements right off the bat. Describe your beauty salon in simple, concise terms. Provide a summary of your market analysis and proof that the america essay, market can support another salon. Teacher Student Attraction? Also describe what makes your salon uniquely qualified to essay, fulfill an as learning environment, identified need. This section focuses on america essay your beauty salon as it exists today. Describe the salon's founding, legal status, and current business stage, as well as any accomplishments your salon has made. Expound upon the unique qualifications you mentioned in the executive summary.
If you have a celebrity stylist, an existing customer base, or proprietary technology, explain those elements here. The industry analysis looks at your relative market as a whole and how your salon can compete in help writing statements the current marketplace. The relative market is the america the beautiful, particular niche into which your salon fits, rather than the beauty industry overall. For example, a budget salon has a very different relative market than an upscale lifestyle salon. Environment? Search trade websites and industry associations to learn current trends and upcoming predictions, and address any potential obstacles with strategies to overcome them. The customer analysis breaks down your specific targeted market into demographics and clearly explains how you will fulfill a need. Remember, your market is not “everyone who needs a haircut.” Rather, it might be upper income women between the ages of 30 and 50 in america a specific part of town, or families looking for book, a deal in a different neighborhood.
How do your target customers make their purchasing decisions? Do they shop on price, quality, premium service, or something else? How will your salon meet those specific customers' unique needs? Your competitors are divided into america essay, two categories. Direct competitors serve the same target market for the same need. Indirect competitors differ from you in either target market or specific need. Dissertation? Talk about your direct competitors individually, focusing on america the beautiful what makes your salon different. Group your indirect competitors together and medical competition 2009 mention them as a whole.
The marketing plan is based on the four P's: Product, Place, Price, and Promotion. In the product section, provide detailed information on each separate product or service you will sell, including batched items such as a “spa day” or “basket of hair care products.” Price is america essay what you will charge for each item or service, with an explanation of how you arrived at those costs. Place is medical student competition 2009 your physical location as well as any online presence you have. Promotion is how you will lure customers to spend money with you. Customer retention, or how you will convince purchasers to return, is america the beautiful essay also an important part of marketing. While the essay about, previous sections of your business plan focused on your vision, the operations plan delineates how you will reach your goals. The everyday short-term processes include every step involved in america the beautiful serving a customer, from scheduling appointments through washing, blow drying, cutting, and styling hair, and settling the bill at the end.
The long-term processes are business related, such as hitting sales goals, introducing a new product line, or opening additional salons. While much of help statements, your business plan talks about the america, specifics of running a beauty salon, the about school environment, management team section highlights the skills needed to build and the beautiful maintain a strong company. Provide biographies of your key management team members, focusing on the specific educational background or hands-on experiences that prove their ability to run a business. If your management team has weaknesses in these areas, a strong advisory board can help. Be sure to clearly explain what the board members will do to directly improve the company's growth. Potential investors and lenders spend the majority of their time analyzing the financial plan, yet many entrepreneurs have little or no idea how to writing statements, write it. You must provide a breakdown of all potential revenue streams, including their relative importance and when they will be implemented, along with projections for outside funding. America Essay? You must also summarize both past and projected Income Statements, Cash Flow Statements, and every college needs Balance Sheets, and the assumptions you make must be reasonable and easy to verify through a competition analysis. A solid exit strategy shows an the beautiful essay, understanding of the market and desire to environment, capitalize on profitability. Essay? While your financial projections are summarized in the financial plan, you must also attach them in full in the appendix. This is also the spot to essay, describe any proprietary technology, list important existing customers, or provide any further documentation that supports your claims.
Finish Your Beauty Salon Business Plan in the beautiful essay 1 Day! Don't you wish there was a faster, easier way to finish your business plan? With this business plan shortcut you can finish your plan in just 8 hours or less! OR, Let Us Develop Your Business Plan For You. Our professional business plan writers can create your entire business plan for you. Since 1999, Growthink consultants have developed more than 2,000 business plans. To speak with a Growthink business plan consultant, call 800-506-5728 or complete the probation essay, form below. America The Beautiful? Growthink helped birth my company.
They got to know both me and my vision. They helped ‘smack me upside the head’ to help make sure I was realistic, about meeting expectations. Writing Thesis Statements? As a result, they helped craft, draft and construct the right written presentation. As a result, I got my funding. Important: Growthink will never share or sell your personal information and we will keep all business information completely confidential.
Pay for Exclusive Essay -
“America the Beautiful” essay winner at Fairchild > Fairchild Air Force
Magazine Advertisement Essay Essays and Research Papers. ? Magazine Advertisement Essay Everywhere we turn; there are ads that sexually exploit women’s bodies to sell . products. The use of women's bodies in ads is a cheap trick that marketers use instead of making more thoughtful arguments on their products. America The Beautiful? The secret used in these ads is quite simple: Attractive bodies are employed to book, grab attention and stimulate desire, which advertisers hope will then be transferred to essay, the product. Burger king has a new sandwich called the essay, “Super Seven Incher”. This. Female , Gender , Hamburger 1130 Words | 3 Pages. 2009 Because You’re Worth It There are thousands of different magazines being published today. In every one of those . magazines the pages are filled with advertisements . There are advertisements about clothes, cars, makeup, and even food.
When people look through these magazines , the advertisements are what influences the readers the most. Magazine ads are no longer used just for companies to sell a product. Certain magazines like Cosmo Girl, have specific ads aimed towards women. These ads are. Advertising , Appeal , Brand 1069 Words | 4 Pages. Semiotic Analysis of america 3 Magazine Advertisements. instances of media advertisements per teacher student day (consciously, or sub-consciously), it is important to be able to recognize and interpret . advertisements on a deeper level.
These advertisements are comprised of several codes and conventions that are designed to attract attention to essay, certain attributes of essay about school a product in order to sell it to america the beautiful, the chosen target market. One effective method of targeting and selling a product to a specific demographic is through magazine advertising. Magazines have very specific niche. Advertising , Magazine , Mass media 2389 Words | 6 Pages. power of the advertisement ; it has a power to persuade people even though it might not be on their shopping list. Hundreds of . advertisements are put in to our brains every day of our lives, but out of those hundreds of every level advertisements , how many of them cross your mind when you buy something? There are different types of advertisement out america essay, there, such as television commercials and radio commercials that try to catch many minds of essay about school audiences; however, the most fascinating type of advertisement has to be. Advertising , American films , Black-and-white films 1547 Words | 4 Pages. English IV 1010 29 February 2012 Olay Complete Advertising has been around for many years, and is exposed to the public in many different forms such as . television, newspapers, magazines , and america essay the internet.
All advertisements are an attempt to persuade an audience. The experts that are in charge of creating the essay as learning environment, ads know exactly what the consumer needs to the beautiful, see to convince him or her to buy the teacher interpersonal dissertation, product. These experts use three appeals that help make their ads pleasing and interesting to consumers. Appeal , Blond , Carrie Underwood 863 Words | 3 Pages. Advertising is a way of persuading an audience to take some sort of action that a company is displaying in the advertisement . Whether it’s in a . America? poster, commercial, billboard, or sidebar on a website, they’re all after one common goal: to capture one’s attention and leave their idea in the reader’s head. As Jeff I. College Level Essay Needs? Richards said, advertising is all about strategy. What aspects of the advertisement win the consumer over? Is it the fonts, the images, or the color scheme?
Did they use humor or sex appeal. Advertising , Color , Color scheme 1667 Words | 5 Pages. Advertisements in women and america the beautiful essay mens magazines. she-conomy.com’s facts about medical student essay competition 2009, women, women make up only the beautiful 3% of student dissertation advertising creative directors. This means that the america the beautiful, other 97% are men. These men are responsible . for book the creation of the essay, hundreds of sexually explicit advertisements in essay as learning environment, the magazine issues we read. In the most recent issue of Cosmo magazine you will find companies advertising sexy lingerie, cosmetic products, and america the beautiful essay erotic clothing. Statements? Women viewing these ads are finding themselves growing up in a world where their own gender is not taken seriously. Advertising , Female , Gender 1548 Words | 6 Pages. ?Mohammad Moradi Professor Gregory English 1 B March 16th, 2015 Samsung Galaxy Note 3 vs iPhone 6 Advertisement is a persuasive tool that . uses imagery and words to grab the essay, attention of a specific audience in order to sell goods, services or promote an event.
It is done through digital and printed media, such as television, radio, Internet and magazines , depending on their target audience. There are a lot of elements that make an ad interesting and captivating, with every detail being carefully. Apple Inc. , Ethos , IPhone 1408 Words | 6 Pages. use the manipulation of language and picture to create advertisements that suggest something about their products without directly maintaining . it to be true. Such advertisers prey on fears and even weaknesses to persuade not only American consumers, but also consumers around the world to buy certain products. Despite how much one may think they can ignore them and how little these ads may affect one, the essay about, many manipulative tactics advertisements use can influence one in america essay, ways one does not even realize.
Advertising , Advertising agency , Coca-Cola 1620 Words | 6 Pages. Topic Analyze A Print Magazine Advertisement. ?Topic: Analyze a print magazine advertisement from a magazine geared to people of your age group. Maybelline New . York brand advertised the lip bam called “Baby Lips Crystal” in Seventeen Magazine . Needs? The advertisement can be described like this. A face of the beautiful beautiful woman is full of one page. She is a western model and school she looks very young. The model gives audiences big smile. The Beautiful? She looks very happy and she seems to comparison, be full of the confidence. Her eyes are dazzling.
She has a regular set of teeth and. Advertising , Anorexia nervosa , Beauty 2043 Words | 8 Pages. J. E. America The Beautiful? College English Advertisement Analysis Essay Analysing and Interpreting Ads Analyzing an ad is a process of . Student Essay 2009? figuring out what the writer of the ad wants you to think of the product they are trying to sell you. America? Whether it’s the perfect picture of what you may look like when after using the essay school as learning, item or a warm feeling created by the images, colors and textures within the america the beautiful essay, ad persuades the reader to buy. Help Writing? How you interpret the the beautiful, advertisement can all depend on what is going on in your life at. Advertising , Attitude change , Brand 978 Words | 3 Pages. Evaluation Essay of Success Magazine. MJ Alexander English Comp 1, Evaluation Essay Professor Cindy Scott April 2, 2013 Success Magazine : The Perfect Tool to . Build Success When readers pick up a copy of Success Magazine they expect one thing as they flip through the book comparison, many pages: excellence. The popular Success Magazine that has been around for the beautiful essay several decades and has established an image of being a great magazine that features the latest trends of entrepreneurial news geared towards average people ages starting from young to old. Entrepreneur , Entrepreneurship 1235 Words | 4 Pages.
Magazines surviving the technology era Almost all of essay us can say that we have read or skimmed through at least five . magazines in our lifetime, if not hundreds or thousands of magazines . America Essay? With an unimaginable variety how could one not? Magazines started its wild journey in 1741 with Benjamin Franklin and Andrew Bradford publishing “General Magazine ” and “American Magazine ” both of help statements which were America’s first magazines . Both of these magazines were very general magazines but soon led to. Advertising , Magazine , Natalie Portman 1283 Words | 4 Pages. Power of Advertisements I love reading magazines , and there are a ton of magazines with all different types on . the market. Essay? However, my favorite magazine of all time, and the only magazine that I regularly read is Men's Health magazine . In the vs parole essay, United States, Men's Health magazine is known as the world's largest men's magazine brand. It covers a lot of topics such as men's lifestyle, fitness, nutrition, fashion and america essay even sexuality. As usual, I went to CVS last sunday and bought my magazine . Book Comparison Essay? As I read. Advertising , Men's Health , Socks 1246 Words | 4 Pages. Advertisement My choice for this advertisement is the new iPad, from the company Apple.
I have chosen the new iPad, because . it's brand new, and people all round the world knows it. There is a big target group for the new iPad - I will return to that later. I have chosen the form of the advertisement to be post cards. Essay? My starting point is book comparison essay Aalborg. My idea, is america essay that the staff from Apple could hand postcards to passers-by in the streets of Aalborg. Teacher Attraction? The postcards are a new idea to america, get news out to the.
A Good Thing , App Store , Knowledge 759 Words | 3 Pages. Aaron Dickens ENGL 003 Spring 2013 Dr. Book Comparison Essay? Kpalukwu Chances are you've seen an alcohol advertisement in america essay, your lifetime. Needs? Whether it was on TV, . or you saw a poster walking down the street for the produce, everyone has seen them. The use of america the beautiful essay alcohol to persuade an audience that the only way to really have a good time has be used since advertisement first started. Probation Vs Parole Essay? Today alcohol is used as a party starter, and even a statement of wealth and sophistication. Regardless alcohol is now used as an accessory. Alcoholic beverage , Female , Gender 1267 Words | 3 Pages. introduce new products and america the beautiful essay different brands or versions of the same product type to the general public, but as Mike explains: “It informs prospective . buyers about the qualities of each brand so that they can make their choice. It is through advertisements that we come to know of new services and products. “Advertising plays a huge role in every business’ sales strategy and the trend now is that companies are incorporating this into their overall business strategies and plans,” he says. . Advertising , Brand , Creativity 812 Words | 5 Pages. popular magazine among single females in their twenty’s.
Majority of probation vs parole essay females this age tend to drink alcoholic beverages for a number of . America The Beautiful? reasons, including the attempt to every college essay needs, stay feeling young and trendy. Single women are also known for going out and america drinking in thesis statements, attempt to find a possible mate. In the October 2011 issue, two different companies including Skyy Vodka and Kahlua attempted to create an advertisement to persuade Cosmopolitan reader’s to buy their products. The bold Skyy Vodka advertisement does. Alcoholic beverage , Coffee , Color 976 Words | 3 Pages. Magazine Advertisements Send Unhealthy Signals To Women. Magazines advertisements portray beauty using models that are usually abnormally thin.
This makes most woman, especially . those who are young, feel inferior and insecure about their own bodies. America The Beautiful Essay? They believe they will only be beautiful if they look like the women in the magazines . Most women will try going on a crazy diets like the tapeworm diet, or the baby food diet, just to try to look like the models on the cover of magazines . Even young girls see the magazines as a reflection of what they. Body shape , Dieting , Eating disorders 845 Words | 2 Pages. A “TERM PAPER” ON ‘CREATIVITY IN ADVERTISEMENT ’ DEGREE Of MASTERS OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION MRINAL BOHRA Department of . Management Studies, Jai Narain Vyas University, Jodhpur Rajasthan, India. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (2012-2014) Supervised by: Submitted By: Dr.Neelam Kalla Mrinal Bohra (M.B.A., Ph.D.) . Advertising , Advertising agency , Advertising Standards Authority 1248 Words | 5 Pages. 2015 Time magazine has the world’s largest circulation for a weekly news magazine , and has an student essay, audience of 20 million in the U.S. . In the February 2015 issue of america the beautiful Time, it highlights “What Starbucks Knows About America, The Fight Against The Measles, and the upcoming blockbuster; 50 Shades of Grey”. Statements? Using eclectic educational articles and america the beautiful essay infographics, Time magazine informs its readers about current issues/events that address interests and book essay concerns. Although a huge selection of magazines today, are.
Howard Schultz , Measles , News magazine 864 Words | 3 Pages. Advertisement Analysis: Gentlemen’s Quarterly Is Monthly Men’s Magazine. Advertisement Analysis Gentlemen’s Quarterly is america the beautiful monthly men’s magazine focusing on every college level essay, fashion, style, and the beautiful culture for men, . and GQ circulated many countries around the as learning, world like: US, Canada, Russia, Australia, and many more. Featuring headliners such as ‘Spend Less to Look Your Best: The Thinking Man’s Guide to Affordable Style.’ The intended audience of essay this magazine is student essay 2009 males ages twenty five and above. Essay? Needless to say the advertisements featured in are presented to college, especially cater to the. Bulova , Electric watch , Mechanical watch 907 Words | 3 Pages.
17 2014 Advertisement Essay Anywhere a person looks; there will always be some form of advertisement . Billboards, . posters, fliers, and other forms of media are visible almost everywhere. Advertising is a mass communication in the world today, and america the beautiful essay has been around since 1841. Whether people agree with it or not, it’s not going anywhere. Advertisements are essentially everywhere. No one can go anywhere without seeing at least one advertisement . As Learning? They’re placed on radios, TVs, magazines and even billboards. Advertising , Billboard , Magazine 484 Words | 2 Pages. Advertisement Analysis On average, people today strive to look the best that they can.
With this influence, consumers prefer to buy products . The Beautiful Essay? that will give them the results they wish to achieve. Your advertisement has successfully portrayed many positive aspects of the Garnier Fructis product Sleek and Shine. By including detailed information about your product it educates a large number of consumers through the probation essay, Sleek and Shine advertisement . Along with educating your consumers, as a corporation. Best Products , Credibility , Critical thinking 1100 Words | 3 Pages. Advertisement today sells more than what is seen to the keen eyes. At first, it may seem as if the america the beautiful, advertisement is innocently . advertising a certain product but if we take a closer look examining and comparing them to others, we will see with a different point of view. In truth, there are actually many different messages that they are sending out, ranging from book essay, sexual to racial stereotypes. It takes a little more than a glance to see the message but once you see it, you will notice it more often. . Burger King , Female , Gender 866 Words | 3 Pages. Research Paper: Content Analysis of Nine Creative Concepts Found in Magazine Advertisements. 1 MAIN ISSUE This research is a quantitative, cross-sectional, exploratory and descriptive content analysis of selected advertisements . from america the beautiful, two different magazines published in August 2012 using the nine different creative concepts as main emphasis.
2 RESEARCH CRITERIA The main research problem deals with the use of creative concepts in advertisements which is a mass media issue and therefore contributes to the existing knowledge in communication studies. The issue is also of interest. Advertising , Brand , Communication studies 1386 Words | 5 Pages. have become a major part of our lives today. There are those that stand out when they are viewed and others that do not deserve to be aired. The Taco Bell . advertisement features an about school, old man and his clique who decide to sneak out of a retirement home and go out for a crazy night as they re-live their younger days. America Essay? Generally, the advertisement has a need for sex, escape, aesthetic sensation and attention as it targets all age groups in the society from the young to the old. Taco Bell shows us that. Ageing , Ageism , Death 1089 Words | 3 Pages. ?Ruth Flores English 350-30 Dr.
Giannotti December 2014 Essay 7 (Practice Comp- Essay ) From childhood to our adult years, we are . bombarded with advertisements that mold our minds with “images of perfection and help writing goals of america the beautiful essay happiness” in the United States. These ads leave consumers to be deceived visually. People’s goals of happiness are shaped by these “pictures of perfection.” What is perfection? Many people have a different meaning to vs parole essay, be perfect although people sometimes forget that we all are imperfect. Acne vulgaris , Breast , Breast implant 1269 Words | 3 Pages.
An Essay On The Advertisement Like A Girl. Martin Instructor Hannah Baggott WR 121 February 21, 2015 Like A Girl The Always advertisement entitled, “Always #LikeAGirl,” explores the . social prejudices that young girls in American society face on a daily basis. America? It suggests the essay competition, idea of changing the phrase “like a girl” from an essay, insult into a compliment that represents the strength and power that lies within women and girls instead of weakness. This advertisement appeals to teen and pre-teen girls challenged by societal pressures as they face. Discrimination , Gender 2066 Words | 7 Pages. comparison of fashion magazine in the UK and teacher student interpersonal attraction China Table of Contents 1.0. Introduction 3 2.0. The UK’s fashion magazine . 3 3.0. The China’s fashion magazine 4 4.0 Analysis 4 5.0 Conclusion 6 6.0 References 6 1.0. Introduction With the rapid development of information technology, there are more and more types of communication media.
Nowadays, Internet has become a popular communication media because of its shortcut and convenience. However, traditional media such as magazine and newspaper. Advertising , China , Chinese character 1133 Words | 4 Pages. Cigarette Advertisements The tobacco industry is the second largest advertiser in the print media, including magazines and america essay . newspapers, and the largest advertiser on about, the billboards. I agree with Weiss in her essay about the beautiful essay, McDonald’s and Old Spice Man. I agree because I think that a lot of advertisement’s can be very misleading. Every? The essay that I am writing about the beautiful, supports her many views because it tells about how advertising can be deceiving to consumers. As a consumer in a world of constant advertising. Advertising , Brand , Cigarette 1041 Words | 3 Pages.
The Reinforcement of Hegemonic Ideologies Gender and Sexuality Stereotypes Within Cosmopolitan Magazine Advertisements. Cosmopolitan Magazine Advertisements Rebecca Mastine Understanding Popular Culture Tim MacNeil December 15, 2010 . Magazines have implicitly and explicitly been influencing humans for about school as learning decades. Essay? They are continually more involved in the media, however the market is highly competitive. It is essay about as learning environment extremely important for magazines to maintain the readers’ interest and loyalty therefore they must excel in its appearance and content. Helen Brown created the Cosmopolitan magazine in 1965. It holds.
Advertising , Cosmopolitan , Female 2232 Words | 7 Pages. Blacks Not on the Covers of essay Magazines. Blacks Not On Covers of essay Magazines ! Think about being at the grocery store at the check out america, line where the magazines . Essay 2009? are located. How often are African Americans or minority cover models showcased on the cover of magazines ? Not often. America? This issue is what David Carr presents in his essay , ?gOn Covers of many Magazines a Full Racial Palette Is Still Rare.?h Carr feels that blacks and college essay other minorities are not represented enough on america, magazine covers. Carr supports this dynamic argument through. African American , African diaspora , Afro-Latin American 1450 Words | 4 Pages. Everyone is every college familiar with the term advertisement . In today’s world, advertisement is considered the america, most vital promotional tool. . This term paper is going to focus on advertisement as a television commercial. Television is a very popular media by which a product or service can be introduced to the customer through . Every? Target group of this topic obviously the essay, mass people who are suppose to be influenced through advertisement . When a company introduces an essay school as learning, advertisement , its motto is to increase sales volume.
Advertising , Advertising agency , Brand 1717 Words | 7 Pages. HISTORY OF MAGAZINES IN KENYA Magazines are a form of print media that are printed periodically for a specific group of people . with a common interest. Magazine publishing started way back in america, the 1660s with Erbauliche Monaths-Unterredungen (Edifying Monthly Discussions) being the first magazine to thesis statements, be published in Germany and in the beautiful, the world as a whole. This was in the year 1663. However, the next magazine that followed was much different than the first. Book Comparison? The Gentleman’s Magazine published in1731 in. Advertising , Editing , Magazine 1720 Words | 5 Pages. very great advertisement methods. Even though they seemingly use different type of methods to get you to buy their product both . advertisements use great product placement to allure consumers to buy them. They target the magazine there in customers to choose the way the america essay, way they are coming out at the customer.
Both advertisements use the magazines they are placed in (Vibe XXL) to probation essay, see how they are going to attract different buyers to purchase their products. The “Smoke Liqueur” advertisement in the. Advertising , Mariah Carey , Marketing 1004 Words | 4 Pages. Analysis Essay - Final Draft ENG 111/25F/TR 2:30-3:50 11/13/2014 email@example.com Men’s magazines feature articles . concerning topic of interest to their subscribers: alcohol, sports cars, hunting and fishing, politics, scientifc and technological breakthroughs, travel, and dating. Some also boast of interviews with the rich and famous and of short stories by popular writers.
You can expect there to be jokes and cartoons too mostly about america the beautiful essay, sexul matters. Book? The main hit of such magazines isn’t. Advertising , Attention , Girl 1052 Words | 6 Pages. It promotes superficiality and excessive materialism among them. Children those belonging to the beautiful, the age group of 2-11 on an average they watch about 21.5 hrs of probation vs parole essay . Television per week. Children are inexperienced and hence they are easily lured into the beautiful essay advertisements . It promotes persuasiveness among children and this can create child parent conflicts. While most children and parents jointly make decisions, children use their pester power to get parents to buy them products by getting persuaded through advertising. Advertising , Advertising to children , Coca-Cola 649 Words | 3 Pages. Advertisement and Sciences – Five diverse views Being primarily consumers, our view on writing thesis, advertisement is extremely biased.
We . consider most of it as excessively annoying and censure the advertising industry while at the same time we are highly receptive to their efforts, and as if that was not enough we take part in collegiate neurological studies on consumer behaviour. America The Beautiful? The advertising industry uses our behaviour as a tool and help writing thesis statements the better they become the essay, less we are annoyed by all the banners. Advertising , Economics , Nervous system 1708 Words | 5 Pages. Norwood 14 February 2014 Essay One Magazines handle emotional appeal through full-page advertisements . The . magazine I chose was, “Web MD Campus.” In this magazine there is four advertisements that displays four different emotional approaches. In this essay I will be explaining the emotional appeal in the four advertisements I have chosen. The four advertisement topics are about thesis, Nair, two on america the beautiful, ADHD, and American Society for Dermatologic Surgery.
The first advertisement is about ADHD. It is sponsored. Attention , Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder , Hyperactivity 493 Words | 1 Pages. This essay discusses how advertisement effects people's lives. As Americans we are exposed to advertisements everyday. People are pressured from book comparison, every direction by advertisements which exploit . their deepest fears, attractions, needs, and desires, shaping their behaviors, goals, and thoughts. They are led into believing false information and promises that are mostly never kept, all for the simple reason of selling the america, product and making profit.
We see advertisements everywhere--in magazines and newspapers, on the radio, on TV, online, in the mail, even over the. Advertising , Chevrolet , Marketing 1326 Words | 4 Pages. Ben 3/20/2006 English Comparison Essay In today's advertisement rich world, advertisements are plastered . College Needs? throughout society; permeating every essence of life; from the beautiful essay, work to pleasure, ads can be found on anything from the smallest things we use, to the newspapers we read, advertisements really are everywhere. In all industries advertisements help to teacher attraction dissertation, boost sales, some take them to another scale by literally littering society with them. The biggest example of this is the the beautiful essay, alcohol industry. I have. Advertising , Alcohol abuse , Alcoholic beverage 1047 Words | 3 Pages. Advertisement Essay on the Influence of the Media on Young Teenagers Today. promote products successfully to the target audience. Usually for essay school as learning environment this ideal, the target audience is teenage girls.
Diet, face, body and skin . America Essay? advertisements are almost always present in teenage girl magazines and many of the advertisements portray a girl with the ideal body image to sell their product. The girls within the target audience will see the advertisement and feel the pressure of essay owning the features of the perfect model promoting the product. Thus, this will cause the girls to america the beautiful essay, assume that the. Advertising , Gender , Gender role 791 Words | 3 Pages. Spalding NEVER FLAT™ Advertisement Analyzed “Promise, large promise, is the medical student essay, soul of an america essay, advertisement ” (Samuel). This quotation . claims that a promise, as the medical competition 2009, soul, is an essential part of any advertisement – it means that a promise is always present in an ad. This has always been true even in a long time ago since it was written by america essay the famous writer Johnson Samuel who lived in the 1700s (Lynch). Furthermore, even in student competition, those past years, it can be concluded that advertisements had already greatly influenced.
Advertising , Basketball , Boston Celtics 2102 Words | 6 Pages. Appeals of america Advertisements We have seen it on billboards, in magazines , on the radio, and statements even on television. . Everything under the sun is america essay either advertised or broadcasted everyday in an attempt to catch our attention and for the hopes that we might be interested in the product. What a lot of every essay people don’t realize is that the advertisements have a very important purpose and withhold more detail for the sense of america essay our appeal and what we truly desire, including such things as emotional. Advertising , Alcoholic beverage , Appeal 1825 Words | 5 Pages. non-Englishspeaking countries (besides the local language)”. Essay Environment? American Marketing Manager’s Handbook points out america the beautiful, that an advertisement should . Essay School As Learning Environment? have four functions: AIDA, which represent four words - Attention, Interest, Desire, Action. 1. America The Beautiful? Attention - a good advertisement should attract the consumer to direct their attention to book, the product of it. 2. America Essay? Interest - the introduction and publicity of an advertisement should arouse consumers’ great interest.
3. Desire - the publicity of vs parole essay advertising should stimulate consumers’. Advertising , Advertising Standards Authority , Brand 2325 Words | 7 Pages. Gender In Magazine Advertisements. ? Gender in Magazine Advertisements May 2, 2013 Sociologists conduct various types of . research in order to study human societies. Depending on the purpose of the america, research, either qualitative (non-numerical) or quantitative (numerical) research may be more beneficial. Researchers may also use field research in order to see the events as they actually occur or use unobtrusive research of probation social behavior that people create or leave behind. America? Content analysis is. Gender , Gender differences , Gender identity 4307 Words | 13 Pages.
Should Junk Food Advertisements Be Limited? Shelina Abdullah 25th March 2008 Research Essay Should junk food advertisements be limited to the public? English . 101, Section I Ms. Lynnette Crane I certify this is entirely my own work Research Essay Should junk food advertisements be limited? As time passes by we notice the drastic changes around us taking place in teacher attraction dissertation, countries, in technologies, in globalization, in markets and in people. The Beautiful? Though the world maybe moving forward, the health of the people appear to be moving. Fast food , Food , Health 1234 Words | 4 Pages. Advertisements are a very influential part of our lives. Book Comparison? We. Advertisements are a very influential part of our lives.
We have been exposed to ads all our lives, and in many ways, they have shaped the the beautiful essay, way . we think and act. Advertisements are very pervasive and come in many different shapes and sizes. They are available in every form of medium, ranging from magazines , television, radio, the internet, billboards, etc. Teacher Student Dissertation? Ads are very important in our society. They make us wary of many cultural trends, as well as give us useful information that might help us lead. Advertising , Automobile , Compact car 1287 Words | 4 Pages. Textual and Visual Analysis of an Advertisement.
players in essay, the game today, David Beckham is also a popular figure in the world of the media and advertising. He has made appearances in . advertisements for book such companies as Adidas, Pepsi, Gillette, and america the beautiful essay Vodafone. Recently, I noticed an advertisement in People for David Beckham Instinct, a product line consisting of aftershave and fragrances. Dissertation? On the back of the magazine , he is america the beautiful essay shown in a head-only photo looking into the camera against a very plain, blue back drop. A picture of the product is placed. Abraham Maslow , Advertising , David Beckham 2047 Words | 6 Pages. Stereotype In Magazine Advertisement. every television, newspaper, and magazine advertisement . They concern about book essay, magazine advertisement . most. Everything depends on the advertisement , how the america the beautiful essay, ad is level essay looking also a model in the ad.
The biggest thing depends on is the the beautiful, model. Essay Needs? In most magazine ad, every sponsor uses the america the beautiful, female model. Vs Parole Essay? So their advertise looks good and make good impression on the people. Women In magazine advertisement are shown as beautiful, passive, also nurturing. First in every advertisement , all sponsor uses the female model. Advertising , English-language films , Female 422 Words | 2 Pages. Advertisement Essay- Disney Them Parks. English 200 Section 049 Christopher Shipman “Too Excited To Sleep” Advertisements range from essay, billboards to teacher interpersonal attraction, television commercials to . jingles on the radio. Advertising companies have become adept at using images to grab the the beautiful, audience’s attention and probation vs parole essay implanting the subtlest of subliminal messages to keep the image of their products in the conscious and subconscious thoughts of the america essay, audience for extended periods of time. The Disney commercial, “Too Excited To Sleep” depicts two children that are. ABC Family , Amusement park , Britney Spears 889 Words | 3 Pages.
Advertisement Towards Young Girls. 107 Ms. Cole 7 November 2012 Final Draft Advertisements towards young Girls Advertising means to call the public's attention to student essay competition, one's . product, service, need, etc. America The Beautiful Essay? But what we see isn't what we get or how we will feel. The purpose to advertise is to sell, the more you advertise the level needs, more you will sell.
Many companies have ways into luring us into buying a product that is unnecessary. Jib Fowles describes the fifteen appeals in which advertisements use, which are Need for america the beautiful sex, Need for affiliation. Advertising , Barbie , Color 1434 Words | 4 Pages. 2010 Assignment# 3 Doctor Lanka English 111 Manipulative Advertisements Everyday, we see advertisements all around us. . Weather we choose to vs parole essay, look at them or not, they are there. Reading from the text, “Advertisings Fifteen Basic Appeals” by Jib Fowles, talks about america, how advertisements manipulate the help writing, public. I have chosen to america the beautiful essay, pick five advertisements of my own and will describe them and probation essay see, in my opinion, if these advertisements do manipulate me in any way. But not only america essay will I examine these and. Advertising , Food , Magazine 911 Words | 3 Pages. Fact Finding – Instyle magazine Instyle is a women’s fashion magazine originally launched in teacher student interpersonal attraction dissertation, the United State by Time Warner . Inc. The magazine issues monthly, providing photographs and articles about fashion, beauty, lifestyle, and celebrity styles to readers. (http://www.instylemag.com.au/about.asp) After 18 years development, Instyle becomes an international brand that has editions in america, seventeen countries.
The brand has five extensions – the InStyle website, InStyle Weddings, InStyle Hair, InStyle Makeovers. Advertising , Beauty , Communication design 1910 Words | 5 Pages. Aside from the aforementioned characteristics found in the differential magazines , it is quite noticeable how advertisements are . placed throughout the magazines . However, one may not discern right away how these advertisements may actually be classified into masculine or feminine. It can be seen how in medical student essay competition, K-Zone, advertisements includes sports (Milo), video games, and essay cars. These heighten the medical student competition, theories that males are the the beautiful, active ones, and going further—the more aggressive ones. At a young age, they are. Advertising , Boy , Female 567 Words | 2 Pages. English 93 Essay 2 revision 12/11/2012 Women’s Magazines Are Lights of Women Do you know why women’s . magazines play an about as learning environment, important role to women?
How women’s magazines affect women’s lives? If you can answer these two questions, you have already understood how women’s magazines deeply influence women’s lives, for women’s magazines not only provide information which is about the the beautiful, newest make up, the hottest fashions, or the best hair styles, women’s magazines also give tips about women’s health. Better , Cosmetics , Human physical appearance 1487 Words | 4 Pages. ?Persuasive Essay Magazine advertisement sends unhealthy signals In todays society the media implicates . the basic idea of the perfect woman to be skinny and beautiful. But what is comparison essay beautiful? Magazines everywhere promote the latest style and america the way you should look to be what is considered “normal” or acceptable. Young girls should not have to worry about the clothes they wear and if it’s the next best thing just because the model on the cover said so. Probation Vs Parole Essay? If you look on any clothing magazine what. Advertising , Body image , Body shape 1073 Words | 3 Pages.
ADVERTISEMENT -The Concerns Introduction-What Is Advertisement , A Marketing Tool? Advertisement is a . communication tool, used in marketing to america, promote the product in public. The main aim is to school as learning, increase the sales, through perfect promotion (Percy and Elliot,2012). Advertisement is one of the america essay, key factors in brand building and sustaining the same. The main aim of advertisement is to teacher student attraction dissertation, remind and persuade the existing and potential customer to make a purchase decision. The Beautiful Essay? Advertisement should be. Advertising , Advertising agency , Brand 1132 Words | 4 Pages. In this assignment, we will look at print advertisements from newspapers and magazines and what they say about their products, . their consumers’ lifestyles, who is essay about school as learning included and excluded from essay, these products demographics, how we personally respond to these ads and what these products’ ads are saying about our culture and our society.
You have THREE options for the focus of this essay : Discuss how your ad promotes a positive or negative social message. Does the ad make statements that support. Audience , Historiography , Paragraph 1783 Words | 6 Pages.
Write My Essay Online for Cheap -
America The Beautiful? | Teen Opinion Essay | Teen Ink
Adiposity and cancer at major anatomical sites: umbrella review of the the beautiful essay literature. Objective To evaluate the strength and probation essay, validity of the evidence for the association between adiposity and essay, risk of developing or dying from cancer. Design Umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Essay About School Environment? Data sources PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and manual screening of retrieved references. Eligibility criteria Systematic reviews or meta-analyses of observational studies that evaluated the association between indices of adiposity and risk of developing or dying from america the beautiful, cancer. Data synthesis Primary analysis focused on cohort studies exploring associations for continuous measures of writing, adiposity.
The evidence was graded into strong, highly suggestive, suggestive, or weak after applying criteria that included the statistical significance of the random effects summary estimate and of the largest study in a meta-analysis, the the beautiful essay number of cancer cases, heterogeneity between studies, 95% prediction intervals, small study effects, excess significance bias, and sensitivity analysis with credibility ceilings. Results 204 meta-analyses investigated associations between seven indices of adiposity and probation vs parole essay, developing or dying from 36 primary cancers and their subtypes. America The Beautiful Essay? Of the 95 meta-analyses that included cohort studies and used a continuous scale to measure adiposity, only 12 (13%) associations for nine cancers were supported by strong evidence. Student Interpersonal Dissertation? An increase in body mass index was associated with a higher risk of developing oesophageal adenocarcinoma; colon and rectal cancer in men; biliary tract system and pancreatic cancer; endometrial cancer in premenopausal women; kidney cancer; and multiple myeloma. Weight gain and waist to hip circumference ratio were associated with higher risks of postmenopausal breast cancer in women who have never used hormone replacement therapy and endometrial cancer, respectively. The increase in the risk of developing cancer for every 5 kg/m 2 increase in body mass index ranged from 9% (relative risk 1.09, 95% confidence interval 1.06 to 1.13) for america essay, rectal cancer among men to 56% (1.56, 1.34 to 1.81) for biliary tract system cancer.
The risk of teacher student interpersonal attraction dissertation, postmenopausal breast cancer among women who have never used HRT increased by america the beautiful 11% for each 5 kg of weight gain in adulthood (1.11, 1.09 to 1.13), and the risk of endometrial cancer increased by writing thesis 21% for each 0.1 increase in waist to america the beautiful essay hip ratio (1.21, 1.13 to 1.29). Five additional associations were supported by strong evidence when categorical measures of adiposity were included: weight gain with colorectal cancer; body mass index with gallbladder, gastric cardia, and ovarian cancer; and multiple myeloma mortality. Conclusions Although the association of student competition, adiposity with cancer risk has been extensively studied, associations for only 11 cancers (oesophageal adenocarcinoma, multiple myeloma, and cancers of the gastric cardia, colon, rectum, biliary tract system, pancreas, breast, endometrium, ovary, and kidney) were supported by strong evidence. Other associations could be genuine, but substantial uncertainty remains. Obesity is becoming one of the biggest problems in public health; evidence on the strength of the associated risks may allow finer selection of those at higher risk of america essay, cancer, who could be targeted for personalised prevention strategies. Cancer is a leading cause of essay school as learning environment, death worldwide, with an estimated 12.7 million new cases and 7.6 million deaths from cancer annually.1 Excess body weight is associated with an increased risk of developing and america, dying from many diseases, including cancer, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.2 Obesity has become a major public health challenge3; its prevalence worldwide has more than doubled among women and every college, tripled among men in the past four decades.4 The number of overweight and obese people has risen from america, approximately 857 million in 1980 to 2.1 billion in help writing statements 2013.5. Several meta-analyses support the link between obesity and cancer, but substantial heterogeneity exists between studies.6 The reported associations may be causal, but they may also be flawed, as inherent study biases such as residual confounding and selective reporting of positive results may exaggerate the effect of obesity on the beautiful essay cancer.78910 A recent umbrella review found that, despite strong claims of a statistically significant association between type 2 diabetes and several cancers, only a fraction (14%) of the interpersonal dissertation 27 studied associations were supported by america essay robust evidence, without any potential bias.11. Help? To summarise and the beautiful essay, evaluate the existing evidence and appraise its quality, we performed an umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses that investigated the association between adiposity indices and risk of developing or dying from cancer. Umbrella reviews systematically appraise the evidence on an entire topic across many meta-analyses of medical student essay competition, multiple putative risk factors on multiple outcomes.1112131415161718.
We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews from the beautiful essay, inception to comparison essay May 2015 for the beautiful essay, systematic reviews or meta-analyses that investigated the association between adiposity indices and risk of essay, developing or dying from essay, any cancer using a predefined search algorithm (see the supplementary file for details of the algorithm). Adiposity indices were body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to essay about school as learning hip ratio, weight, weight gain, and weight loss from bariatric surgery. We hand searched the references of the retrieved systematic reviews and meta-analyses and america essay, the proceedings of relevant conferences for articles missed by the electronic search and unpublished data. We included systematic reviews and meta-analyses of observational epidemiological studies in humans that assessed continuous or categorical measures of adiposity. Writing Statements? We excluded studies in which physical activity, height, or prenatal factors (such as birth weight or maternal obesity during pregnancy) were the exposures of interest and those in the beautiful essay which cancer incidence or mortality were not the every college outcomes of interest. We excluded meta-analyses of prognostic studies that investigated cancer survival or other outcomes among patients with cancer and meta-analyses that did not include comprehensive data from individual studies—such as relative risks, 95% confidence intervals, number of cases and controls, or total population. When we found more than one meta-analysis on the same association between exposure and outcome, we included the one with the largest number of primary studies to avoid duplication. We subsequently examined whether the summary estimates showed concordance between the included and duplicate meta-analyses. We extracted the name of the first author, year of publication, outcome, and exposure from america essay, each eligible systematic review or meta-analysis. From each individual study in a meta-analysis, we extracted the first author, year of publication, epidemiological design, number of cases and student 2009, controls in case-control studies or total population in cohort studies, maximally adjusted relative risk (odds ratio in america the beautiful essay case-control studies and hazard ratio or standardised incidence or mortality ratio in cohort studies) and 95% confidence intervals. Every Level Essay? Two investigators (IK, MK) independently searched the literature, assessed the eligibility of the retrieved papers, and extracted the data.
Disagreements were resolved by discussion with a third investigator (KT). Estimation of america, summary effect —For each exposure and outcome pair, we calculated the summary effect and the 95% confidence interval using fixed and essay as learning, random effects methods.19. Assessment of heterogeneity —The heterogeneity between studies was assessed with Cochran’s Q test20 and the I 2 statistic.21 Substantial inconsistency could reflect either genuine heterogeneity between studies or bias. To assess the uncertainty around heterogeneity estimates, we calculated 95% confidence intervals.22. Estimation of prediction intervals —To further account for essay, heterogeneity between studies we calculated 95% prediction intervals for the summary random effect estimates, which represent the range in which the effect estimates of future studies will lie.23. Assessment of teacher student interpersonal attraction dissertation, small study effects —We examined whether smaller studies gave higher risk estimates than larger studies, which is an indication of publication bias, true heterogeneity, or chance.1124 Indication of essay, small study effects was based on the Egger’s regression asymmetry test (P?0.10) and whether the random effects summary estimate was larger than the point estimate of the largest study in help statements the meta-analysis. Evaluation of excess significance —We assessed excess significance bias by evaluating whether the observed number of studies with nominally statistically significant results (“positive” studies, P0.05) in the published literature was different from the expected number of studies with statistically significant results.25 The expected number of essay, statistically significant studies in each meta-analysis was calculated from the sum of the statistical power estimates for every college level, each component study using an algorithm from a non-central t distribution.2627 The power estimates of each component study depend on the plausible effect size for the tested association, which was assumed to be the america the beautiful effect of the book largest study (that is, the smallest standard error) in each meta-analysis.28 Sensitivity analyses were conducted using the summary fixed and random effects estimates as alternative plausible effect sizes. Excess significance for individual meta-analyses was determined at america essay P?0.10.25. Credibility ceilings —We used credibility ceilings, a sensitivity analysis tool, to account for student dissertation, potential methodological limitations of observational studies that might lead to spurious precision of combined effect estimates.29 The main assumption of this method is that every observational study has a probability c (credibility ceiling) that the true effect size is in a different direction from the one suggested by the point estimate. The pooled effect size and the heterogeneity between studies were re-estimated using a wide range of credibility ceiling values.2930. The associations between measures of the beautiful, adiposity and attraction dissertation, cancer were categorised into strong, highly suggestive, suggestive, or weak depending on the strength and validity of the evidence.131518 A strong association was claimed when the P value of the random effects meta-analysis was smaller than 10 ?6 , a threshold that might substantially reduce false positive findings313233 if the meta-analysis has more than 1000 cancer cases, the essay largest study in the meta-analysis is nominally statistically significant (P0.05), the I 2 statistic of heterogeneity between studies is smaller than 50%, the 95% prediction intervals excludes the null value, small study effects or excess significance bias are not indicated, and the association survives a credibility ceiling of at least 10%.
The association was considered highly suggestive if P10 ?6 , the meta-analysis had more than 1000 cases, and teacher interpersonal attraction dissertation, the largest study in the meta-analysis was nominally statistically significant. The criteria for america the beautiful, suggestive were: random effects P10 ?3 and the meta-analysis had more than 1000 cases. All other associations with a nominally statistically significant P value for the random effects meta-analysis were deemed to help statements provide weak evidence. The primary analysis in this umbrella review focused on cohort studies using continuous measures of america the beautiful, adiposity, which was considered a more valid and standardised way of presenting and synthesising individual study estimates than using categorical measures. Sensitivity analyses were conducted using case-control studies and medical student essay, categorical measures. All statistical analyses were performed using Stata version 13 (College Station, TX),34 and all P values were two tailed. America The Beautiful Essay? No patients were involved in thesis setting the research question or outcome measures, nor were they involved in developing plans for design or implementation of the study.
No patients were asked to america essay advise on interpretation or writing up on results. The results will be disseminated to the general public through public presentations and the authors’ involvement in every needs different charities. Characteristics of the meta-analyses. Overall, 49 eligible papers were identified that included a total of 204 meta-analyses. These meta-analyses summarised 2179 individual study estimates from 507 unique cohort or case-control studies (fig 1 ? ).35363738394041424344454647484950515253545556575859606162636465666768697071727374757677787980818283 Of the 507 unique studies, 371 (73.2%) had a cohort design, 134 (26.4%) were case-control studies, and two (0.4%) were cross sectional studies. A median of 7 (range 2-72) study estimates were combined for each meta-analysis. The median number of cases and population or controls in each meta-analysis was 5645 and 1 766 389, respectively. A total of 177 meta-analyses had at least 1000 cancer cases. The 204 meta-analyses included associations between seven indices of adiposity (body mass index, waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to hip ratio, weight, weight gain, and america the beautiful, weight loss through bariatric surgery) and the incidence (n=196) or mortality (n=8) from cancer at 36 anatomical sites and by subtypes. A total of 194 meta-analyses included cohort studies (see supplementary tables 1 and 2).
Of these, 95 used a continuous scale to measure adiposity (for example, body mass index in adults or at around age 20 per 5 kg/m 2 , waist circumference per 10 cm, hip circumference per 10 cm, waist to hip ratio per 0.1, weight per 5 kg, and weight gain per 1 kg or 5 kg). These 95 meta-analyses studied 28 different cancer sites or subtypes and included 818 individual study estimates, with body mass index in adults being investigated most frequently (n=57 meta-analyses). We identified more than one published meta-analysis with the student interpersonal dissertation same exposure and outcome pair for 11 cancers. All duplicate meta-analyses showed agreement on the direction, magnitude, and america, statistical significance of the every college needs summary associations (see supplementary table 3). America The Beautiful? When we used a threshold of P0.05, the summary fixed effects estimates were significant in 76 of the 95 meta-analyses (80%) and the summary random effects were significant in 72 (76%) (see supplementary table 1 and supplementary figures 1-28). At a stricter threshold of P0.001, 66 (69%) and 59 (62%) meta-analyses produced significant summary results using the fixed and random effects models, respectively. At P10 ?6 , 54 (57%) and 35 (37%) meta-analyses were significant, respectively. Of those 35 meta-analyses, 31 found an increased risk of cancer with higher adiposity for oesophageal adenocarcinoma, multiple myeloma, and cancers of the colon, rectum, liver, biliary tract system (cancers of gallbladder, extrahepatic bile duct, and ampulla of Vater), pancreas, postmenopausal breast, endometrium, and essay, kidney. Four of the 35 meta-analyses indicated an inverse association for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma and the beautiful essay, lung cancer. About School As Learning Environment? The magnitude of the observed summary random effect estimates ranged from the beautiful essay, 0.57 to 1.90; 61% of the estimates lay between 0.80 and 1.20 (fig 2 ? ). Probation Vs Parole? In meta-analyses with small variances a trend of summary effects towards 1.00 was observed. The largest study of the beautiful essay, each meta-analysis showed a nominally statistically significant association in 65 meta-analyses (68%), and the relative risks of the largest studies were more conservative (closer to essay about null) than the summary random effects in 53 (56%) meta-analyses.
Fig 2 Association of meta-analysis summary effect sizes with inverse of the variance. The summary estimates were similar between men and women for america the beautiful, eight of 11 cancers (oesophageal adenocarcinoma, oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, multiple myeloma, leukaemia, and probation vs parole essay, gastric, lung, kidney, and essay, thyroid cancers). Essay? However, the incidence of colon and rectal cancer was higher per essay, 5 kg/m 2 increase of body mass index in book comparison men (relative risk 1.30, 95% confidence interval 1.25 to 1.35) and 1.09 (1.06 to 1.13), respectively) than in women (1.12 (1.06 to the beautiful 1.17) and essay about, 1.02 (0.99 to 1.05), respectively). The Beautiful Essay? This was also true for other adiposity indices. Moreover, body mass index was associated with an level, increased risk of melanoma in men (relative risk per the beautiful essay, 5 kg/m 2 1.17, 1.05 to 1.30) but not in probation vs parole essay women (0.96, 0.93 to 1.00). ?he Q test was significant at P?0.10 in 42 of america essay, 95 meta-analyses (44%) (see supplementary table 2). Twenty meta-analyses (21%) showed considerable heterogeneity (I 2 =50-75%) and 15 meta-analyses (16%) showed substantial heterogeneity (I 2 75%) for some adiposity indices and several cancers (oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma; colon, liver, lung, endometrial, prostate, and dissertation, thyroid cancers; melanoma; and leukaemia). We further assessed the essay uncertainty of the summary effects by teacher calculating 95% prediction intervals; the null value was excluded in essay only 27 associations. Thirteen meta-analyses had evidence indicating small study effects, but only seven included 10 or more studies and therefore had enough statistical power for the Egger’s test to help writing statements adequately identify presence of small study effects (colon, liver, lung, ovarian, and advanced prostate cancer; see supplementary table 2). America? Supplementary figures 1 to 28 show the funnel plots for each cancer site. Nineteen meta-analyses had evidence of excess significance bias for some adiposity indices using the largest study estimate as the plausible effect size (colon, rectal, liver, pancreatic, endometrial, ovarian, prostate, advanced prostate, and kidney cancer; supplementary table 2).
Using summary fixed or random effects estimates as plausible effect sizes gave similar results. Vs Parole Essay? A credibility ceiling of 0% corresponds to the random effects model calculation. Of the 95 meta-analyses, 72 (76%) retained nominal statistical significance (P0.05) with a credibility ceiling of 5%. Fifty (53%), 33 (35%), and 19 (20%) meta-analyses remained statistically significant with ceilings of america, 10%, 15%, and essay 2009, 20%, respectively. Heterogeneity between studies gradually decreased with increasing ceilings. America? With a ceiling of 10%, no meta-analyses of cohort studies with continuous exposure gave an I 2 estimate larger than 50% (supplementary table 4). We explored whether the reported associations between adiposity and developing or dying from cancer were supported by strong, highly suggestive, suggestive, or weak evidence (table 1 ? ). Interpersonal Attraction Dissertation? We found that 77% of the 95 meta-analyses presented at least weak evidence (P0.05 for the summary random effects).
Supplementary table 5 shows these associations in essay cohort studies using continuous measures of adiposity (also see supplementary table 6 for associations using categorical measures of adiposity in cohort studies and supplementary table 7 for all associations regardless of study type or exposure metric). Summary of evidence grading for meta-analyses associating continuous measures of obesity and risk of cancer—cohort studies only. Risk refers to cancer incidence unless otherwise stated. Only 13% of meta-analyses (12 of 95) were supported by strong evidence. They summarised data on environment body mass index (n=10), waist to hip ratio (n=1), and weight gain (n=1). An increase in body mass index was associated with a higher risk of developing oesophageal adenocarcinoma; colon and rectal cancer in men; biliary tract system and pancreatic cancer; endometrial cancer in premenopausal women; kidney cancer; and multiple myeloma. Weight gain and waist to america the beautiful essay hip circumference ratio were associated with higher risks of teacher student interpersonal attraction dissertation, postmenopausal breast cancer in america the beautiful women who have never used hormone replacement therapy and endometrial cancer, respectively.
The increase in the risk of developing cancer for every 5 kg/m 2 increase in body mass index ranged from 9% (relative risk 1.09, 95% confidence interval 1.06 to 1.13) for colorectal cancer among men to 56% (1.56, 1.34 to 1.81) for biliary tract system cancer. The risk of postmenopausal breast cancer among women who have never used HRT increased by 11% for each 5 kg of book essay, weight gain (1.11, 1.09 to 1.13), and the risk of the beautiful, endometrial cancer increased by 21% for each 0.1 increase in waist to hip ratio (1.21, 1.13 to 1.29). Seventeen meta-analyses (18%) were supported by essay about school environment highly suggestive evidence, and they found positive associations for essay, colon (with body mass index and waist circumference), liver (with body mass index), postmenopausal breast (with body mass index), total endometrial (with body mass index in adults and at around age 20, waist circumference, weight, and weight gain), postmenopausal, type I and type II endometrial (with body mass index), and essay, kidney cancer (with body mass index). Inverse associations were found for body mass index in adults with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (overall and in women) and lung cancer (overall and in men). Twenty four meta-analyses (25%) were supported by suggestive evidence for an association, and 19 meta-analyses (20%) were supported by weak evidence. The evidence was graded similarly in the 194 meta-analyses of cohort studies that assessed continuous and categorical measures of essay, adiposity (supplementary table 6). Five additional associations were supported by strong evidence: weight gain with incidence of every college essay, colorectal cancer, body mass index with incidence of gallbladder, gastric cardia, and ovarian cancers, and mortality from multiple myeloma. America? When both cohort and case-control studies were assessed for continuous and categorical measures of adiposity (supplementary table 7), two additional associations were supported by essay about school as learning strong evidence: body mass index and risk of melanoma and essay, meningioma, both of which were judged as weak associations when only cohort studies were evaluated.
The strong evidence for an association between body mass index and incidence of biliary tract system cancerwas downgraded to about school as learning environment suggestive evidence when both case-control and cohort studies were evaluated. We reviewed 204 meta-analyses to evaluate the current evidence for associations between seven adiposity indices and the risk of developing or dying from 36 primary cancers and their subtypes. Twelve associations, stemming from cohort studies using continuous measures of america the beautiful essay, adiposity, were supported by strong evidence, inferred by strongly statistically significant results and no suggestion of bias. Probation Essay? These associations were primarily between body mass index and malignancies of digestive organs (oesophageal adenocarcinoma and cancers of the colorectum (in men only), biliary tract system, and pancreas), hormone related cancers (such as postmenopausal breast in america essay women who have never used HRT), premenopausal and vs parole, overall endometrial cancer, kidney cancer, and multiple myeloma. Five additional associations were supported by strong evidence when categorical measures of the beautiful, adiposity were used: weight gain with risk of book comparison essay, colorectal cancer risk and america essay, body mass index with risk of teacher student attraction, gallbladder, gastric cardia, and america the beautiful essay, ovarian cancer, and mortality from multiple myeloma. The effect of teacher interpersonal, obesity on the incidence and mortality of cancer is well recognised66284 and was evident in our umbrella review, with approximately 77% of the included meta-analyses reporting a nominally statistically significant summary random effects estimate.
Although the reported associations are plausibly accurate and potentially causal, the risk of reporting, selection, and other inherent biases may overestimate the suggested associations, as shown in the beautiful essay other recently published umbrella reviews in cancer epidemiology.111327 The extent to which the literature is affected by such biases is difficult to prove definitively. We used statistical tests and sensitivity analyses to look for evidence of bias. When lower P value thresholds (P10 ?6 ) were used, the book comparison essay proportion of significant associations decreased to 37%. Large heterogeneity (I 2 ?50%) was observed in 37% of the meta-analyses. When we calculated the 95% prediction intervals, which further account for heterogeneity, we found that the null value was excluded in only about one third of the associations. Moreover, some meta-analyses had evidence of small study effects or excess significance bias. Most meta-analyses (53%) preserved their statistical significance with a 10% credibility ceiling, but only one in five preserved significance at america essay a ceiling of student competition, 20%, indicating that many associations between adiposity and cancer remain uncertain. America? Our grading of the medical student essay evidence largely agrees with systematic analyses of the literature performed by the beautiful the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).68485 The WCRF currently lists seven cancers for which the evidence supports a convincing causal relationship with obesity (oesophageal adenocarcinoma and writing thesis statements, cancers of the pancreas, colorectum, postmenopausal breast, endometrium, kidney, and liver). We also found strong evidence that obesity increases the essay risk of these cancers, except for teacher attraction, liver cancer, for which the evidence was considered highly suggestive because of small study effects, excess significance bias, and substantial heterogeneity between studies. The association between obesity and five more malignancies (gallbladder, stomach cardia, ovarian, advanced prostate, and premenopausal breast cancer) was graded as probably causal by america essay WCRF and received lower evidence grades in essay about school environment our main analysis using only continuous measures of america essay, adiposity.
IARC found sufficient evidence to probation vs parole support the association between excess body fat and 13 of america, 24 cancer sites (oesophagus (adenocarcinoma), gastric cardia, colorectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, postmenopausal breast, endometrium, ovary, kidney, meningioma, thyroid, and multiple myeloma).84 Our results are similar to those of the IARC report for most cancers, except for gastric cardia, liver, ovarian, meningioma and essay about school environment, thyroid cancers. The Beautiful? These cancers received lower than strong evidence grades in essay our main analysis, owing to small numbers of cancer cases, very large heterogeneity between studies, or evidence of small study effects and excess significance bias. America The Beautiful? However, the essay associations between adiposity and risk of gastric cardia and ovarian cancer were judged to america essay be supported with strong evidence when we evaluated categorical measures of adiposity. Similarly, evidence for an association between adiposity and risk of meningioma was considered strong when case-control studies were included in the evaluation. Several methods exist for rating evidence, but they are inconsistent and allow some degree of arbitrariness.86 The WCRF and student competition 2009, IARC used expert groups and america the beautiful essay, criteria similar to essay Bradford Hill criteria to the beautiful assess the association between obesity and risk of probation vs parole essay, 17 and 24 primary cancers, respectively, whereas we assessed the robustness of the america the beautiful evidence using sensitivity analyses and statistical tests to evaluate 36 primary cancers and their subtypes, defined by anatomical location, histology, and receptor status.
We also explored associations by potential effect modifiers (eg, sex, menopausal status, smoking status, and essay about school as learning, use of the beautiful, HRT). Statements? Our criteria for essay, grading evidence should not be considered causal criteria, especially when used individually, but we think that they are useful for identifying biases when used together.12. Most of the associations between adiposity indices and endometrial cancer were supported by strong or highly suggestive evidence. In particular, the association between waist to hip ratio and risk of total endometrial cancer was supported by strong evidence, indicating that central obesity, which is linked to student essay 2009 hyperinsulinaemia and type 2 diabetes, has a major role in the development of this disease. Strong evidence also supported the association between body mass index and premenopausal endometrial cancer. We found the associations between body mass index in adults or at around age 20, waist circumference, weight, and weight gain and total endometrial cancer, and between body mass index and postmenopausal type I and II endometrial cancer to be highly suggestive owing to substantial heterogeneity between studies and potential for excess significance bias. These results were in agreement with the WCRF and IARC, which did not provide separate ratings for menopausal status or histological subtype of disease.8487 The difference in evidence ratings between premenopausal and postmenopausal endometrial cancer is probably related to heterogeneity caused by use of HRT among postmenopausal women.88 We found that the associations between body mass index or weight gain and postmenopausal endometrial cancer were statistically significantly stronger in never users compared with ever users of HRT, but the relevant meta-analyses included only 2-6 studies and had fewer than 1000 cancer cases, so the evidence was deemed weak. The WCRF found that the associations between waist circumference or waist to hip ratio and total endometrial cancer were probably causal,87 which largely agreed with our findings. We found strong evidence to support the association between weight gain in adulthood and postmenopausal breast cancer among women who have never used HRT, yielding an 11% higher risk per 5 kg of weight gain.
We found highly suggestive evidence to support the positive association of america the beautiful, body mass index with postmenopausal breast cancer, irrespective of HRT. Weight gain may be a better metric than body mass index for measuring the dynamic nature of adiposity during adulthood, when obesity becomes central and has more metabolic effects.49 Another reason for the lower grading of the evidence for medical student 2009, body mass index was the large heterogeneity between studies,62 which could at least partially be explained by a potential interaction with HRT use. Some cohort studies have found a positive association between body mass index and postmenopausal breast cancer only among women who have never used HRT,8990 but we did not capture this potential interaction because published meta-analyses have not performed this subgroup analysis.6278 The evidence for an association between adiposity indices and premenopausal breast cancer was weaker and the beautiful, only reached suggestive evidence for an inverse association with body mass index in a meta-analysis of 20 cohort studies. These results largely agree with the competition 2009 WCRF and IARC findings of a convincing causal positive association between adiposity and postmenopausal breast cancer8491 and a probable causal inverse association for premenopausal disease.91 Two recent Mendelian randomisation studies found that a higher body mass index in adults was associated with a lower risk of postmenopausal breast cancer, contradicting the epidemiological evidence.9293 This may be due to america essay the genetic risk score for body mass index in adults being a stronger determinant of early compared with later life body mass index; epidemiological studies have found inverse associations between body mass index in childhood and both premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer.9495 The positive association between body mass index in adults and postmenopausal breast cancer found in epidemiological studies may be driven by weight gain in adulthood. Medical Student Essay? We found strong evidence to support the america association between weight gain in adults and postmenopausal breast cancer, but weight gain is probably linked to teacher student attraction environmental factors that are not captured by genetic risk factors.96 Moreover, some evidence exists that these associations may differ according to america the beautiful oestrogen and progesterone receptor status of the tumour (supplementary tables 6 and 7),6897 but large investigations in this area are lacking. The association between body mass index and probation vs parole, colon cancer was supported by strong evidence in the beautiful essay men and suggestive evidence in women. Twenty four cohorts investigated the association in men, totalling a 30% higher risk of colon cancer for each 5 kg/m 2 increase in body mass index. The risk was 12% higher for each 5 kg/m 2 increase in body mass index among women in a meta-analysis of 20 cohorts that showed substantial heterogeneity and evidence of small study effects and excess significance bias. The association between body mass index and rectal cancer in men was supported by strong evidence, but with a summary relative risk considerably smaller than for colon cancer (1.09 v 1.30). We found no association between body mass index and rectal cancer in women.
The evidence for essay school as learning, most of the other adiposity indices was suggestive, as few studies have investigated these associations. The insulin signalling pathway is a possible mechanism underlying the association between obesity and colorectal cancer in men.98 The increased concentrations of circulating insulin induced by adiposity are higher among men than women,99 and america essay, men are more prone to comparison abdominal fatness than women.100 Furthermore, endogenous and america, exogenous oestrogens have been associated with protective effects against 2009, colorectal cancer among women, which might explain why the association of america the beautiful, adiposity with colorectal cancer is stronger in men than in women.101102 Two Mendelian randomisation studies found statistically significant positive associations between adult body mass index and colorectal cancer but did not perform analyses by sex.92103. We found that higher body mass index was associated with an every essay, increased risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma, and america, this was supported by strong evidence. We found an about as learning, inverse association for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma, which was supported by highly suggestive evidence due to considerable heterogeneity between studies. Similar summary associations were found by the WCRF and IARC, which concluded that adiposity convincingly increased the risk of oesophageal adenocarcinoma.84104 A Mendelian randomisation study supports this association.105 Oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma has stronger associations with smoking and america the beautiful essay, alcohol consumption than oesophageal adenocarcinoma,106 but we were unable to capture the teacher attraction dissertation potential residual confounding or effect modification of smoking and alcohol in the associations between adiposity and oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma because the published meta-analysis did not report these subgroup analyses.62. We found an inverse association between body mass index and the beautiful, lung cancer that was supported by thesis highly suggestive evidence but had substantial heterogeneity between studies and evidence of small study effects. When we investigated this association by smoking status, we found an inverse association between body mass index and the beautiful essay, lung cancer among smokers, which was supported by suggestive evidence.
We found a non-significant association among non-smokers. These results may be due to residual confounding, reverse causation, or effect modification by smoking, which led the WCRF and medical student competition 2009, IARC to grade this evidence as inadequate.84107 Two recent Mendelian randomisation studies found that body mass index was statistically significantly associated with an increased risk of squamous and small cell lung cancer but had a borderline significant inverse association with lung adenocarcinoma.92108 One of the Mendelian randomisation studies found a statistically significant inverse association between body mass index and total lung cancer among never smokers and a null association in ever smokers,108 which contradicts the epidemiological evidence. However, these analyses were underpowered. Future large prospective studies should evaluate associations according to america the beautiful smoking status among different disease subtypes. Furthermore, we found that the associations between body mass index and multiple myeloma and level essay, cancers of the biliary tract system, pancreas, and kidney were supported by america strong evidence. Essay About School As Learning Environment? The WCRF and IARC ratings were similar, except the WCRF did not study multiple myeloma.8485 The associations for less common malignancies are supported by america the beautiful essay limited data and show substantial heterogeneity between studies; we need prospective studies to better characterise these associations. Our review relied on writing statements previously published meta-analyses and the literature searches performed by the authors of america the beautiful, those meta-analyses. Some studies may have been missed, although this is unlikely to have influenced our findings because our assessment of duplicate meta-analyses on the same exposure-outcome associations gave similar summary results.
Some of the meta-analyses that used continuous measures of adiposity were published as long ago as 2008, which may mean that we didn’t include the most recent evidence. Teacher Student Attraction Dissertation? However, we found that the the beautiful evidence grading for recently published meta-analyses investigating the association of help writing statements, categorical terms of body mass index with the same cancers was similar. We evaluated all study specific results that were reported in the meta-analyses (for example, primary cancers, cancer subtypes, sex, menopausal status, smoking status, and the beautiful, HRT use), but we may have missed other subanalyses that were not reported with sufficient study specific data. Medical Competition 2009? Assessing the quality of the primary studies included in essay the meta-analyses was beyond the scope of this umbrella review. Finally, the statistical tests we used to assess bias do not prove its definitive presence or its exact source. However, our estimates are likely to be conservative, as a negative test does not exclude the potential for bias. Moreover, our evidence grading was not sensitive to the use of 95% prediction intervals, excess significance tests, or credibility ceilings, because when we consecutively removed these criteria from the quality of evidence algorithm, the resulting inference remained the same. The association between obesity and risk of developing or dying from writing statements, cancer has been extensively studied.
We found strong evidence to essay support the positive association between obesity and 11 of the 36 cancer sites and subtypes that we examined, predominantly comprising cancers of the digestive organs and hormone related malignancies in women. Essay 2009? Substantial uncertainty remains for the other cancers. The Beautiful Essay? To draw firmer conclusions we need prospective studies and large consortiums with better assessment of the changing nature of body fatness and with comprehensive standardised reporting of analyses. As obesity becomes one of the medical student competition 2009 greatest public health problems worldwide, evidence of the strength of the america essay associations between obesity and cancer may allow finer selection of people at high risk, who could be selected for personalised primary and secondary prevention strategies. Teacher Dissertation? What is already known on this topic.
Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide, and the prevalence of essay, obesity has more than doubled over the past 40 years. Competition 2009? Numerous meta-analyses support the link between excess body weight and america the beautiful essay, increased risk of developing and book comparison essay, dying from several types of cancer. The reported associations may be causal for some malignancies, but they may be flawed owing to america inherent biases that exaggerate the effect of obesity on cancer incidence and mortality. Strong evidence supported the association between obesity and interpersonal attraction dissertation, only 11 of essay, 36 cancer sites and subtypes, predominantly comprising cancers of digestive organs and book comparison essay, hormone related malignancies in women. Other associations could be genuine, but substantial uncertainty remains.
Contributors: MK, PMH, EP, and america essay, KKT conceived and designed the study. IK, MK, and KT acquired and collated the data. IK, MK, GM, and KKT analysed the essay data. America Essay? All authors drafted and critically revised the manuscript for important intellectual content and gave final approval of the version to be published. MK and IK contributed equally to the manuscript (joint first authors). MK is the guarantor. Funding: This work was supported by Genesis Research Trust (Garfield Weston Foundation, P63522 to MK); Sigrid Juselius Fellowship (P52483 to IK and MK); World Cancer Research Fund International Regular Grant Programme (2014/1180 to needs KKT); Ovarian Cancer Action (PS5827 and PSA601to MG and MK); the Imperial Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre, the Cancer Research UK Imperial Centre, Imperial Healthcare NHS Trust NIHR BRC (P45272:MK). America The Beautiful Essay? None of the funders had any influence on the study design; in student essay competition 2009 the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. The Beautiful Essay? Competing interests: All authors have completed the ICMJE uniform disclosure form at www.icmje.org/coi_disclosure.pdf and declare: no support from any organisation for the submitted work; no financial relationships with any organisations that might have an interest in help thesis statements the submitted work in the previous three years; no other relationships or activities that could appear to have influenced the submitted work. Ethical approval: Not required.
Data sharing: No additional data available. Transparency: The lead author (MK) affirms that the manuscript is an honest, accurate, and transparent account of the essay study being reported; that no important aspects of the study have been omitted; and that any discrepancies from the probation essay study as planned have been explained. This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is the beautiful properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ Download this article to citation manager. BibTeX (win mac)Download EndNote (tagged)Download EndNote 8 (xml)Download RefWorks Tagged (win mac)Download RIS (win only)Download MedlarsDownload. Writing Statements? If you are unable to import citations, please contact technical support for your product directly (links go to external sites):
Buy Essay Online -
America the Beautiful | City Journal
essay on upbringing Bishop Alexander (Mileant) T he following sources were used: The Religious upbringing of Children, by america essay, Archpriest Sergey Schukin; The Orthodox Upbringing of Children in Our Days, by Bishop Gregory Grabbe; and other Orthodox articles. #9;All aspects of a man's life - his character, sense of responsibility, good and bad habits, ability to cope with difficulties, and his piety - are shaped primarily during his childhood. The bright memories of his childhood can strengthen and warm a man during trying times, and, contrarily, those who have not had a happy childhood can in no way remake it. When we meet an teacher attraction dissertation, orphan who has never had parental affection, or a step-son or step-daughter whose broken spirits are a result of difficulties at home, or those left to the care of strangers, we can sense in them the imprint of painful early impressions. #9;The absence of a religious upbringing unfailingly manifests itself in a person's character - a sort of essay fissure can be perceived in his spiritual makeup. A child is extraordinarily receptive to religious impressions. Essay About School As Learning Environment! He is instinctively drawn toward everything that opens up the beauty and meaning of life. Take this away from him and his soul will become dulled and he will feel lonely in an unfriendly and cruel world.
Something similar happens with the the beautiful essay, physical appearance of a child. If he lives in college level dismal, damp surroundings, he will grow underdeveloped, ailing and without joy. In both cases of malady, physical or spiritual, the fault lies with the parents. On the other hand, when we consider prominent and successful people, people of great integrity and energy, we see that the majority of them came from large, hard-working families, brought up in religious traditions. #9;It may happen that in someone's later life immoral behavior may weaken the faith in God that a person acquired in childhood.
He starts neglecting religion and the salvation of his soul without any apparent hope of recovery, but God will not abandon a person who carries the seeds of goodness deep in his heart. When something frightening befalls him, he begins to recognize his limitations and helplessness and starts to america reflect on the purpose of his life. Long forgotten impressions and instructions revive within him, and the grace of God again touches his soul. This helps him to come back to God. Thus, the hallowed memories of childhood become very helpful. This is why it is so important for parents to make every effort to lay a spiritual foundation in probation essay their children. Essay! When they are adults, they will appreciate their parents' efforts. #9;In this pamphlet we will discuss the aim of a Christian upbringing and needs its main components. We will explain the importance of the family, of the church and of parochial school, and we will discuss some difficulties and errors in bringing up children.
Upbringing and the scholastic education. A Christian upbringing lays a moral and america spiritual foundation in a child, while a scholastic education aims at developing his mental abilities. These are two different activities. There is no reason to think that scholastic education automatically facilitates the moral development of a child. Medical Student Essay Competition! Some people may be very educated but ill-bred and unspiritual. On the other hand, totally uneducated peasants can be highly spiritual and moral people. #9;Any upbringing, either within the family or the school, can only pursue temporary aims related to the needs of the family and america the beautiful society when divorced from religion. For instance, the aim of education in totalitarian countries is to make a person an obedient instrument of the government. In contemporary public schools in book comparison essay the USA and many other countries, the object of education is not a person's highest welfare or his spiritual integrity, but the material needs of the government and community. America! An Orthodox religious upbringing, on the other hand, is concerned with the moral development of the soul and is guided by eternal spiritual principles . Here the content does not change with political trends or new sociological ideas but is founded on Divine revelation . Parents should direct their child not according to fashion or society's needs but according to the Word of God. The aim of a Christian upbringing.
A Christian upbringing aims to about school environment give children proper spiritual direction, so that they will be able to america withstand temptations and become good and medical student essay religious people. For this, they should not only learn rules of behavior but also develop integrity and a clear distinction between right and wrong . This goal of Christian upbringing is revealed in the prayers of the sacrament of Baptism. Essay! The priest reads the following words, among others: O Master, Lord our God, call Thy servant (name) to Thy Holy illumination . Put off from him the old man , and renew him unto life everlasting . Teacher Student Interpersonal Attraction Dissertation! That he may be no more a child of the body, but a child of Thy Kingdom. America! During Baptism, a person undergoes an important and substantial inner transformation: he dies to sin and is reborn spiritually. Here he receives all the tools for inner growth - the power to love God and to love everything that is good. These qualities liken him to the Incarnate Son of God Himself, as is sung during the procession around the baptismal font: As many as have been baptized into thesis, Christ, have put on Christ (from the essay, epistle to the Galatians). The seed of the Holy Spirit is implanted; from vs parole essay now on, the responsibility for strengthening it and making it grow passes to the parents and god-parents. #9;Since our nature is two-fold, consisting of body and soul, every child needs not only physical but also spiritual nurturing. If the america essay, parents only nurture the child physically, while neglecting him spiritually, he will grow up a child of nature and a slave of carnal desires.
St. John Chrysostom says the help, following about this: To educate the hearts of children in goodness and america the beautiful essay virtuousness is the sacred duty of writing thesis parents. The Beautiful! The violation of this duty makes them guilty of spiritual infanticide . There are parents who spare no efforts to make their children happy and wealthy; but for their children to be good Christians - for such matters the parents have little need. Essay! This is a terrible shortsightedness! This is the very reason for the problems from which society groans . If the fathers strove to give their children a good upbringing, there would be no need for laws, or courts, or punishments. Prisons and the beautiful essay executioners are necessary due to vs parole the lack of morality. #9;The Gospel teaches that the principal thing in a man's life is the proper state of his heart . One should understand heart as the center of one's spiritual life, wherein all the the beautiful essay, feelings and desires are concentrated. Here is the vs parole, location of the origin of a person's behavior and moral attitude.
If, according to the Savior's words , out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries. America The Beautiful Essay! (Matt. 15:19), then it should become evident that the main task of essay rearing a child is to america the beautiful essay give a proper direction to comparison essay his heart. Because temptations are unavoidable, it is important to educate a child to distinguish unambiguously between right and wrong, to choose virtue and to america the beautiful despise immorality. Parents should nurture in help statements their child a deep love of God from a very early age, before he loses his sensitivity and receptiveness. When should the upbringing begin? T here are differing opinions regarding the best age to begin the spiritual upbringing of a child. Some parents think that in the first several years a child needs only external care, and consider him like some amusing kitten, unreceptive to spiritual influence. Such an opinion contradicts Christian teaching and experimental evidence. Psychology has established that a child is receptive to many external influences right after his birth.
A certain scholar compared the the beautiful, subconscious process of a child to that of a movie strip, which records all perceptions non-stop. Probation! A child may as yet lie in the crib, but his soul already amasses impressions, picks up sounds, follows movements around him with his eyes, discerns voice intonations and even the mood of his parents. From all these non-stop impressions the child's personality is formed, and after they sink into his subconscious, they cannot be blotted out by any means. #9;Besides, modern psychology has established that the impressions of america early childhood play a decisive role in dissertation the subsequent development of men. For instance, some bad habits and infirmities in adults can be traced to essay negative impressions from early childhood. That is why parents should give the greatest care to the early impressions of their infant. Right from birth they should begin to develop not only the body but the child's soul as well. #9;This is precisely what our faith teaches us also.
In the Gospel we read that when some children were carried to about as learning environment Jesus, the disciples forbade the parents to america the beautiful approach, not wanting to disturb their Master. Seeing this, Jesus became indignant and medical essay competition said to essay the Apostles: Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the Kingdom of God.' And embracing the children, He placed His hands on them and essay as learning environment blessed them (Mark 10:13-16). Take note that these children were not led to Christ but were carried to Him, which means that they were too little to walk by themselves. The disciples did not permit such little ones near Christ, thinking, as many contemporary parents do, that infants are unable to assimilate spiritual things. The Beautiful! How did the Savior react to this? He became indignant. We know that the merciful Christ became indignant only when truth was suppressed by delusion; for instance, at the hypocrisy of the Pharisees, the desecration of the temple by the money changers, etc. That is help, why He said to the disciples: Suffer the little children to come unto me. for of such is the Kingdom of Heaven . It turns out that children are more receptive to goodness and Divine grace than adults. They instinctively strive toward God. #9;Following the instructions of Jesus Christ and His Apostles, the Church teaches that a religious upbringing should begin at the earliest age.
The Church's wisdom and experience in connection with the america essay, upbringing of children is reflected in student dissertation its services and america essay customs. From his very birth, the Orthodox Church welcomes a child with several prayers: on the first day (the day of his birth), on the eighth (at the student essay 2009, selection of his name), and on the fortieth (his introduction into the temple). These prayers contain petitions for the child's physical and the beautiful essay spiritual well-being and for his sanctification by Divine grace. Following Baptism, the church prescribes bringing the child to the temple and taking him to Communion as often as possible, having him kiss the essay, Cross and the Holy icons and drink Holy water. All these would be in vain if children were unreceptive to spiritual impressions. #9;Thus, the most proper time for the enlightenment of the soul is early childhood. In fact, the ethical foundation of america the beautiful a person is laid during this period.
The soul of book a child, until six to seven years of age, resembles clay, from which one can mold his personality. Essay! After that age, the main characteristics have been established, and it is almost impossible to change them. A mother does the right thing when she brings her child to the icons, when she blesses him with the interpersonal dissertation, sign of the cross, when, overcoming her tiredness, she holds him in her arms during church services, and when she prays over his crib. With all of these actions she prepares him to be a good Christian. The struggle with bad inclinations. P arents make a mistake when they consider their child to be completely free from evil. Experience shows that a child comes into the world not only with good tendencies but with bad ones also.
Science calls them inheritances, and the Church, the seeds of original sin. Everyone is born with his nature partially corrupted by sin. That is why the education of essay a child should include some basic training on how to struggle against bad inclinations. Without this, the child will grow unarmed against temptations. When a child is essay, abandoned to his own desires, then, no matter how talented he might be, his good qualities may become completely overwhelmed by his evil inclinations. #9;Every child bears some resemblance to his parents and relatives. Together with their physical characteristics, he assumes some of their spiritual qualities as well, which in general are a mixture of good and bad. The problem is that the bad predispositions often develop and strengthen much faster than the america the beautiful, good ones. For example, in the herbaceous world, weeds are more robust and aggressive than garden and vegetable plants.
In order to grow something worthwhile, one must constantly fight weeds. #9;Observing a child carefully, one can notice in him some germinating negative characteristics: occasionally he is help thesis, capricious, or becomes angry, or may insist on doing something forbidden. At an early age children become lazy, are prone to slyness and deceit, and manifest greed and america the beautiful essay cruelty toward other children. About School! At five years of age one can already see hints of his future character. If the parents do not teach him to overcome his bad inclinations, these may grow into passions and vices.
Sometimes parents occasionally lament about their children: Where does he get such stubbornness, capriciousness, and inclinations toward the forbidden? He does not see any of this in the beautiful essay us. Actually, there is no need to teach a child evil - it is already rooted in every college essay him. A mother observing her child said, He clearly manifests the negative characteristics of his father. Unfortunately, the good qualities are acquired with effort and constancy, while their opposites, as weeds, flourish on their own. #9;Young parents tend to underestimate these weeds, considering them mere signs of america essay immaturity: Let him grow a little, and he will realize by himself what is good and what is probation, wrong. Hoping that this will happen automatically, they leave his bad inclinations unattended and america essay fail to teach him how to struggle with them. Some parents prefer to appease every capricious inclination of the child, adopting the attitude: Anything for a quiet life!
Psychology and religion, on the other hand, teach that it is better to nip any manifestation of evil at its root before it takes hold. Essay Needs! Failing to the beautiful essay do so will allow it to become a habit. Essay! Afterwards parents will bitterly repent that because of undue mildness, they failed to discipline their child. St. America! John of Kronstadt writes the essay, following: Parents and educators, guard your children against capriciousness. Otherwise, they will infect their hearts with malice, losing their early holy love, and will bitterly complain at reaching adulthood that in their youth they were indulged in their whims. America The Beautiful! A whim is a germ which corrupts the heart. #9;A child should always know what is statements, permissible and what is not. Sensible prohibitions and light punishments are absolutely necessary. On understanding that the violation of essay imposed rules results in unpleasant consequences, the child will avoid the forbidden. Thus a healthy foundation will be laid in him, and his will, which is just beginning to form, will be prepared to submit to God-established moral laws.
The spiritual foundation. B y nature, children are gentle, compassionate and vs parole sincere. America Essay! These valuable qualities are as yet weak in them and have to be directed and strengthened . While the child grows, parents should strengthen in him a disposition to struggle automatically against any temptation as soon as it appears. Book! Fortunately, every human being possesses a wonderful quality known as conscience. America The Beautiful Essay! The task for book comparison essay parents is to america the beautiful develop and strengthen in their child a discerning conscience and to accustom him to listening to its voice. This task should be approached not abstractly, but from the religious standpoint, i.e., referring to God, whom we should love and obey. We are all responsible before him for our actions. Without such a religious foundation, an help writing, upbringing will be shaky and america the beautiful essay unconvincing.
#9;Some think that the notions of God, of good and evil, etc., are too abstract and complicated for a child. Nevertheless, experience shows that, at three to four years of age, these concepts are accessible to a child when they are presented to him with visual support such as a holy pictures, the sign of the cross, simple prayers, religious music, and so forth. The pure child's soul associates these first religious impressions with the voice of conscience, and thus a simple and healthy piety is formed within him. For those who would question the reality of childhood piety, we note that faith in God is an inborn human quality. Therefore, it is available to help statements all, regardless of their age or mental development. The lowliest uneducated man as well as the highest scholar are both capable of believing in God.
Each person comprehends and experiences the faith to his degree of development. #9;Because the Christian faith is so natural to human nature, it can be successfully rooted in little children, and their upbringing can be built upon it. One can only be amazed at how easily and deeply children accept faith in God and what a beneficial influence it has on them. Faith in God not only helps a child to essay fight bad inclinations, but it also helps him to understand many fundamental questions which are inexplicable in human terms regarding the nature of good and evil, the appearance of the world, the aim of life, etc. The main point is probation, that faith in God is the key to the development of all the positive qualities in america the beautiful essay a child - piety, love, compassion, sensitivity, repentance and medical essay the wish to improve. #9;Every parent from his own experience may be convinced that the notion of america essay God provides him with a powerful tool for the rearing of children.
When we speak of God as the help thesis statements, origin of every goodness and the Supreme Judge of mankind, we bring true notions of right and the beautiful wrong into help thesis statements, a child's consciousness. Essay! We do this not with formal rules, but by helping him to perceive the Living Person Who stands over every college needs, the world, and before Whom we all are accountable. This Supreme Being draws us toward good and repels us from the beautiful all that is perishable. Thus a child recognizes sin as something shameful, harmful and essay school as learning subject to punishment. America Essay! This notion of sin is interpersonal attraction dissertation, not totally alien to a child because the feeling of fault, shame, and an elementary distinguishing between right and wrong is part of his nature. The Christian faith only clarifies and america essay strengthens in him these deeply rooted notions. #9;The concept of right and wrong opens to the child the path of moral choice and an awareness of his responsibility before God. Now the child becomes aware that his bad actions not only transgress the requests of his parents but also the order established by God. Vs Parole! He may be punished for his sins not only by them but also by america the beautiful, his Heavenly Father. Furthermore, all spiritual and material welfare comes to him not only from human efforts, but also from the Lord Who provides for us.
Holy Scripture designates such a spiritual state as the college essay needs, fear of the beautiful essay God and teaches that it is the beginning of wisdom (Prov. 9:10). #9;The expression fear of God requires some explanation. It is teacher attraction dissertation, far from that primitive fear which savages experience before the raging forces of essay nature. In accordance with the Gospel, our relationship with God must be expressed in filial love, and true love never pains its subject. For instance, a good son obeys his father not because he fears punishment, but out of love for him and unwillingness to distress him. School As Learning Environment! Likewise, in the Christian faith, God-fearing is linked with the thought of God the Father, whom we do not wish to offend. Hence, fear of God is a disposition to venerate God and is a healthy feeling which should be experienced by essay, every Christian. Religious upbringing demands the incorporation of this feeling into a child from the earliest age. A s mentioned above, while a child is small, he assimilates preeminently through his feelings. His will and intellect have yet to develop, together with his physical growth.
Because an individual lives mainly by impulses and desires in the early stage of his development, it is important not to burden a child with moral admonitions and logical proofs. Upbringing begins with obedience, and the sooner a child becomes used to following the parent's requests, the easier it will become later to help writing thesis statements instruct him. At first, some interdictions are necessary, like: Don't do that . You must not act like that . This is good. As the child grows, positive direction and instruction should follow as well. Here some difficulties may arise, since words alone are not always sufficient to inculcate in a child the rules of conduct. Occasionally, one may meet with stubbornness and refusal. The Beautiful! In order to overcome this, parents sometimes might have to resort to stronger actions.
#9;There are two approaches: physical punishment and religious influence. Of course punishment is sometimes indispensable, but if it is applied too frequently, it may bring negative results. The child gets used to performing his duties by the rod and does not learn to follow his own good intentions. Besides, frequent punishment tends to make the child irate, secretive and distrustful, and leaves a painful imprint on his character. #9;A religious upbringing gives more successful results. There is almost no need to resort to essay corporal punishment when parents impress upon the child not their own rules, but those demanded by the beautiful essay, the Lord . A Christian mother may say to her child: Don't do that - the book essay, Good Lord does not like that . This is not allowed - the Good Lord does not allow that. Or: If you do this that way - God will punish you! And if a child hurts himself because of the beautiful his disobedience (like burning his finger), the mother may say: See, God punished you because you disobeyed Him. #9;Thus, step by step, the college, parents inculcate in their child the feeling of dependence on God . If he does something forbidden secretly, they can tell him: Don't think that the Good Lord cannot see what you are doing while I'm away! God sees everything, - and while saying this they point to the Holy icon in america essay the corner. One youngster wanted to steal some candy from the sideboard; he climbed up and essay school turned the icon towards the wall so the Good Lord would not see, and his mother explained to the beautiful essay him that God is everywhere and essay that it is impossible to hide from america essay him.
#9;It is not only college level, prohibitions that should be admonished on religious grounds. America The Beautiful Essay! Most importantly, positive requests to probation a child should be based on Divine authority. America The Beautiful! It must be explained to him that God is our Creator, the Source of life and medical student 2009 happiness, and america the beautiful that He will help him to succeed in good actions. The child must understand that he can attain nothing without God's help , and that the main tool for obtaining God's help is prayer. Besides, it is about school, necessary to the beautiful teach the writing thesis statements, child to thank God for everything he has - life, health, food, happiness, for the beautiful all material and statements spiritual things - and also to pray for his parents. From the earliest age the child should perceive God as his Heavenly Father, Who loves him and cares about his well-being.
For instance, when a child stays home alone or is among strangers, the mother may console him: You are not alone, the Good Lord always watches over you. Also it is beneficial to explain to the child about the Guardian Angel, who accompanies and protects him. America! This will free him from the fear of vs parole darkness and being alone. The Beautiful! To love God with the whole heart should be the ultimate goal of upbringing. #9;In order that these instructions not remain abstract, they must be reinforced with vivid illustrations and specific actions , like making the sign of the cross, attending services in Church, kissing icons, lighting candles, looking at biblical illustrations, common familial prayer, drinking Holy water, receiving Holy Communion, bowing the head, etc. Probation Vs Parole Essay! Thus the child becomes habituated to following religious rules, and his will becomes used to submissiveness to the supreme will of the Creator. As the america the beautiful, child develops, parents must direct his actions toward strengthening in him Christian piety. Its main characteristics are sincere faith, truthfulness, modesty, kindness, diligence, steadfastness, readiness to about school as learning environment forgive, etc.
If one adds to that the habit of the observance of important fasting periods and holy days, then there will be established for the child a favorable environment, which will make unnecessary any physical punishment. #9;If we compare this method of essay upbringing to others that exclude the Christian faith, we see that some parents resort to shouting, beatings, tedious lecturing, etc. Help Writing Thesis! This, of the beautiful course, fails to elevate the child's feelings. At the opposite extreme, there are parents who favor undisciplined and college essay capricious behavior, which promotes all sorts of america the beautiful passions and bad habits. Both of these approaches can but only cripple a child. Medical Student Essay Competition! Is it not because of such diversity in upbringing that children differ so drastically in their characters: some are gentle, trusting, sensitive to all good and compassionate; others, on the contrary, are peevish, distrustful, heartless and the beautiful capricious? A purely worldly upbringing robs the child of the most precious and highest human qualities. #9;Certainly, in an upbringing, the greatest influence comes not from words alone but from personal example . The behavior of those close to a child has the greatest influence on him.
Children come into medical competition 2009, contact with two groups of people: with their own family and with outsiders - schoolmates, friends and neighbors. While parents may do their best to give a good example to their child, schoolmates and america neighbors often influence him negatively. That does not mean that he should be isolated from people, because this would deprive him of the necessary preparation for life. Rather, parents should make sure that their child meets with good friends, attuned to Christianity, and that the influence of the family predominates. Here we summarize the main qualities that Christian parents should possess: 1) love of God above all, 2) love of probation vs parole their children in the Christian sense, 3) fairness to america the beautiful them and.
4) consistency in their actions. It is heartwarming to see how young couples, while striving to raise their children, pull themselves up, educate themselves and become better Christians. So it happens that not only the parents bring up their children, but the children educate their parents as well. It is desirable that both parents belong to student essay the same Church. Essay! In the case of a mixed marriage, an agreement should be made between the couple (preferably prior to the wedding) that their children will be baptized and brought up in the Orthodox Church. Divergence of opinion regarding faith, and especially quarrels between parents, cause a rift in a child's consciousness and causes great harm. Besides, when parents criticize or abase each other in the presence of the children, they undermine their authority.
#9;In general, parents should be very careful about what they say in teacher interpersonal dissertation the presence of a child. Some may think that the child is too small to understand. But not being able to discern most of the details, the child nevertheless grasps the america essay, main direction and moral value of the discussion, and this can leave an unfavorable impression in his subconscious. This can later evoke some questions on his part that the parents will be unable to explain and raise doubts difficult to dispel. Vs Parole! It is best to completely avoid mentioning some problematical subjects in the presence of children and also to avoid mocking others or showing disrespect to things which should be regarded as sacred. Woe unto him, who shall seduce one of these little ones , said Christ, it would be better for him if a millstone were hung around his neck, and he were drowned in the depth of the sea (Matt. The Beautiful Essay! 18:6). I n some countries the college essay needs, theory of a liberal upbringing of children has gained popularity.
This theory rejects all constraint and punishment and insists that a child must be left to himself so that he may freely express and the beautiful essay develop his individuality. Can a Christian embrace such an approach to upbringing? Hardly, if he accepts what the Bible teaches concerning original sin and the corruption of human nature. School! Scripture unambiguously teaches that the thoughts of man's heart are evil from his youth (Gen 8:21). Without spiritual guidance a child will learn to pursue only the beautiful, his egotistical interests and to reject any moral obligations. With time his conscience will become completely indifferent to the means of reaching the desired goal. #9;The Church, on student essay the other hand, teaches that a child from a very early age must learn to discern between what is allowed and america essay what is forbidden. The parents must guide their child's actions so as to prepare him for an independent life based on spiritual and moral values.
This guidance should begin as early as possible. At 10 to 12 years of age, it may be too late to correct shortcomings already acquired. In order to recognize the importance of constraint in writing upbringing, one should consider the following: (1) A child's mind is not fully developed to america the beautiful understand unmistakably in all circumstances what is right and what is wrong. (2) Even when he understands, his will is student dissertation, too weak to withstand all temptations and to direct his actions toward good but difficult tasks. (3) A child becomes used to being responsible when he is the beautiful, asked to perform feasible things. Teacher Interpersonal! (4) A sensible and moderate combination of guidance with punishment imprints on america essay a child's character a sense of moral responsibility and teacher student attraction dissertation good habits. #9;Punishments that are not so much direct and corporal but are indirect and yet no less effective include: leaving meals without dessert, depriving him for a time of the usual games and TV, denying visits of friends and other pleasures, performing additional tasks, etc. One way or another, when words are found to be insufficient, one must exert influence on a child with a more productive method. (The saying, Waste not words, when authority is required! from Krylov's fable, The Cat and the Cook.) Since every child is born not only with good, but also with bad predispositions, one must struggle with the latter from the very beginning.
What kind of struggle can take place without restrictions and punishments? Remember your own childhood, and you will be convinced that knowledge and good habits did not come automatically but were obtained with struggle, persistence and america the beautiful sometimes with tears. St. Every Level Essay! Paul says: No chastening seems to be joyful for the present, but painful; nevertheless, afterward it yields the peaceable fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it (Heb. 12:11). Hence, let too sentimental parents not be afraid to america the beautiful cause grief to their children when the situation demands it. B ecause the primary objective of the Church is to lead people towards faith and righteousness, the temple with its services and comparison educational means can be a big help to parents in america essay bringing up their children. Amidst surroundings of wantonness and disbelief, the temple stands as a spiritual lighthouse, an island of medical competition sanctity for adults and the young. Its setting and its divine services have a special beneficial influence on a child. The candles, the icons and frescoes, the smell of incense, the singing of the choir, the sound of church bells - all leave bright impressions on a young soul.
When parents bring their child to church often, he becomes used to it and learns to love its inspiring services. #9;The Orthodox faith is the beautiful, rich in feast days, magnificent services and noble customs, which produce a steadfast influence on Christians. Bring to mind Palm Sunday, Passion Week and medical essay competition the procession with the Holy Shroud, the Easter service (which no one celebrates as joyously as the america essay, Orthodox), our blessing of the waters on Epiphany, the celebration of the Holy Trinity with its abundance of flowers and greenery, the bringing forth of the college level essay needs, Holy Cross, the blessing of the fruits of the harvest on the feast of the essay, Transfiguration . what a rich nourishment for probation vs parole the child's soul! For their children's sake, parents should make no excuses to skip church services. #9;The house of an Orthodox family is supposed to complement the holy environment of the temple. Of particular significance are common prayers, the beautiful corner with its holy images and glowing lamp, the first meal after Lent, memorial days, the blessing of america the beautiful homes and other religious celebrations. Because the religious upbringing of a child is attained not so much by means of the intellect as through feelings, children who attend church services and participate in family prayer become like a ploughed up field, receptive to the seeds of goodness, which in due time will bear fruit. #9;The first Confession at the age of seven comes as an important milestone in the life of probation essay a youngster. After Confession a person becomes as holy and chaste as after Baptism.
It is vital that parents have taught their children by this age to note their shortcomings and to repent sincerely in what they have said or done wrong. His first Confession indicates to a youngster that he is becoming mature enough to begin consciously to strengthen his faith and to take responsibility for his actions. Formerly the sacrament of Communion nourished him through the parental faith. Now he approaches the america the beautiful essay, Holy Chalice with personal conviction. So, the preparation of a youngster for the proper partaking of vs parole essay his first Confession and first conscious Communion is a major accomplishment in the spiritual development of a child.
#9;Starting from this age, or perhaps a little later, boys may begin to serve as altar boys, and girls to sing in america the church choir or to assist in removing candle stubs in front of icons. This will accustom them to teacher student interpersonal attraction dissertation participation in divine services. Active involvement in the Liturgy and america essay close contact with the priest draws a sensitive child toward the Church and toward spiritual life. This will broaden his horizons to understand that his earthly life is only the first step in his existence and that it has an important purpose. The parish school. P ublic schools are often unable to stand against comparison essay the ungodly and corrupting influences in society or to prepare children to choose properly between right and wrong. There are many internal and external factors that push the family toward disintegration and america society toward moral decline. Noteworthy among these factors are the media and school as learning the movie industry, which swamp children with low-grade movies saturated with scenes of violence and sex. #9;To counterbalance the materialistic and antichristian environment which surrounds children, the america essay, parish school should give the children religious knowledge, which strengthens their faith and teaches them a proper way of life, including the means to resist temptations and to become true Christians. About As Learning! The purpose of the parish school is to america essay deepen and enhance the religious fundamentals acquired at home.
During catechism lessons, children systematically receive important knowledge: they memorize prayers, become familiarized with the sacred history of the Old and student competition 2009 New Testament, and america study the foundation of the Orthodox faith, the commandments of God and the content of the divine services. In the senior classes, we are behooved to familiarize the as learning, students with the particulars of heterodox denominations and america with the proper approach to every college needs contemporary moral problems.#9; #9;The parish school assists the family in the matter of religious upbringing, and the parent's care of course goes much further than the school's. The school gives theoretical religious knowledge, while the application of this knowledge is america the beautiful essay, achieved within the family. Without a Christian atmosphere at home, all the information received at school will remain a theory that children will forget in the course of their years. #9;In conclusion one must note that neither the family, nor the help, school, nor the Church, can independently bring up a child. This is feasible only by a combined effort of america the beautiful these institutions. Book Comparison! That is why the more there is interaction and mutual assistance among them, the more successful the upbringing of the children will be in their care. T he Orthodox church always regarded the family as the main source of the Christian enlightenment of children. The Apostles used to call the america the beautiful essay, family the domestic church and taught spouses to strive conjointly for a spiritual life. #9;To bring a Christian environment to the house, all members of the family should pray together.
The best times for this are mornings and evenings. When possible, they should pray before and after meals. Combined prayer joins and strengthens the family. On Sundays all must attend church, observing the student competition, fourth commandment: Remember the Sabbath day [day of rest], to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the day of the Lord your God (Exod. 20:8). Giving us six days of the week, God kept one for Himself, but those Christians who devote the seventh day for themselves, rob the Lord of what belongs to Him and break their covenant with Him.
#9;Discussions of spiritual topics and the reading of the Holy Scriptures, as well as the lives of the Saints and america essay other edifying books, have a beneficial effect on the whole family and create a conciliatory atmosphere in the house. One cannot disdain the fast-days, which are periods set by medical student competition 2009, the Church for the development of america the beautiful self discipline and religious firmness. The Lord Jesus Christ, as well as His disciples and the first Christians, all fasted on certain days. For instance, from the first century of Christianity, it became the norm to fast twice a week: on Wednesdays and Fridays. At that time the Great Fast, also know as Lent, was established for the period prior to Easter. #9;In the absence of a parish school, the job of catechismal instruction falls on the parents. It is certainly very helpful to this end that the children get used to reading a children's Bible and other religious books on their own. Later they retell to the parents what they have read and learn how to apply what they have learned. These readings and conversations should be carried out on a regular basis because without consistency it is difficult to achieve lasting results.
O ne of the essay about school as learning environment, main contemporary problems is the preservation of the family. When families split, the whole society disintegrates. The statistics regarding the number of divorces and crimes among young people are alarming. What are the reasons for this social crisis? We think that the main reasons are the weakening of faith in God and america the straying from Christian moral principles. #9;In order to preserve the family and to medical competition 2009 bring up children properly, it is imperative for parents to build the family on a Christian foundation. God and the salvation of the america the beautiful essay, soul must take first place, and material goods second.
Of course, this is not easily achieved in the present conditions of a sped-up pace of life and growing economic difficulties. If some years ago a typical family could exist on the earnings of one working person, usually the father, today it becomes necessary for both spouses to every college essay needs work. Thus parents become overworked and too busy to the beautiful essay spend time with their little ones. When children feel lonely, they start meeting with neighbors and friends, who may be undesirable companions from a Christian standpoint. Sometimes tired and nervous parents start to quarrel between themselves, raise their voices and even insult each other. This creates an unhealthy atmosphere at home, which harms the spiritual development of the every college needs, children. #9;In order to avoid this situation, it is the beautiful essay, necessary for parents to slow down their lives. It is preferable to lead a more modest life than to essay about school strive for america essay an abundance with bitterness and disagreements. According to statistics, persisting economic problems and the pursuit of book wealth often lead to divorce.
Common prayer with children (to be said in the morning and evening) helps parents to find a balance in their everyday cares and america the beautiful essay draws God's help to them. #9;Of course errors and misunderstandings are inevitable even in the healthiest and most religious family. Spouses must resolve their problems in frank and friendly discussions. It is good to adopt the rule of having amicable discussions of common concerns on a regular basis, supplementing them with prayer and the reading of Holy Scripture. This will attract Divine guidance and help. Student Competition 2009! Both parents should learn to listen patiently to each other's arguments and to respect each other. Never should one raise one's voice, insult or abase another - especially in the presence of children. One must ask forgiveness before going to the beautiful essay bed, even when one feels he or she is in teacher student attraction the right.
The Apostle Paul instructs spouses: When angry, do not sin. Do not let the sun go down on your wrath, nor give place to the devil (Eph. 4:26). If a couple neglects this advice, anger will accumulate more and more in america their subconscious, and interpersonal attraction dissertation they will gradually become alienated from the beautiful essay one another. #9;Parents must pay attention to what constitutes home entertainment, namely television and music, which have such a strong influence on children. Television would be an excellent invention if suitable programs were selected and it were used in moderation. In practice, television has an adverse effect on children. Occupying the most preeminent place in the home, like an idol in a pagan family, it not only devours a lot of time but also habituates children to a passive diversion of no educational value. Many studies report that TV programs as a rule are permeated with violence, triviality and even profanity. This is the most dangerous form of pollution. Besides, children who spend much of their time watching television have a poor learning record.
They become wilful, rude and thesis statements begin to manifest objectionable behavior early. #9;It has also been noted that television has a hypnotic and obsessive effect. People who regularly watch TV develop such a passionate fondness for it that they can no longer live without it. In this regard it becomes similar to the habit of smoking or drinking. The Beautiful Essay! Television gradually takes away any desire to read, meditate, pray or do something worthwhile. Therefore, parents who, for the sake of their children, abstain from acquiring a television or keep it under strict control, do the right thing. #9;Music, as all art, should bring out in every needs an individual elevated and america essay noble feelings. There is a broad selection of good classical and book comparison essay folk music.
Unfortunately, one cannot say the same about contemporary music, such as rock-and-roll or heavy metal, which brings out in the listeners stormy, erotic and america wicked feelings. Some of book comparison essay these contemporary songs even contain anti-religious and occult language. Christian parents have the responsibility to protect their children from such pollution. #9;It may seem to some parents that many of the self-limitations imposed by our faith are too severe and unnecessary in our days. But they must remember the words of the Gospel regarding the perils of a wide road, followed by the majority, and of the narrow road leading to salvation. In these pre-antichrist times, Christians should realize that the world is wrapped in evil, and that, as Jesus said, the prince of this world - is the devil (1 Jn. 5:19; Jn.
12:31, 14:30). #9;Some families suffer from a halfhearted and superficial approach toward Orthodoxy. For instance, in pre-revolutionary Russia, many people, especially the intelligentsia, were mindful of america the beautiful church only during great feasts and main family events, like baptisms, weddings, and funerals. Student Essay 2009! The remainder of their lives passed without any relation to the beautiful essay the Church or attention to its requirements. Statements! It is natural that these people, who had such a scornful attitude toward their faith, passed it on to their children. That is probably why the Russian revolution took such monstrous dimensions, and the beautiful essay why Christians were so passive during the destruction of churches, the extermination of relics and essay the persecution of the clergy. #9;The struggles and difficulties that parents go through in the upbringing of america the beautiful essay their children have a positive aspect. Striving to direct their children to the righteous path, they simultaneously strengthen their own faith and grow spiritually.
According to the Creator's plan, this is the very object of the family. Teacher Student Attraction Dissertation! To teach others we have to the beautiful learn first, and by saving others we save ourselves. When parents, realizing their ineptness and weakness in the task of bringing up their children, turn to God for guidance and help, God truly assists them, and family life flows safely under the shelter of the Almighty. T hus, within the family, a person receives the foundation of faith, moral direction and the sense of duty. From the first days of his cognizant life, the new member of the family learns to appreciate the care and level love of the beautiful his parents. Hard work and even a kind of austerity are useful ingredients to a family's environment: they strengthen the children's characters, accustom them to work, and confer a sober outlook on life. The family is the guardian and disseminator of Christian tradition. Here a child receives his first spiritual impressions.
Here is laid the foundation of faith, prayer and good deeds. #9;Child psychology teaches that toward the medical student competition 2009, third year a child starts to realize his individuality and begins to say I. At this time parents should start to train him to be obedient. Essay! During the first several years of every essay his life a child acquires approximately one third of the notions of an america the beautiful essay, adult. After this, a person mostly broadens and essay about environment deepens that which was imprinted on his soul during childhood. #9;From infancy, a child must learn what is the beautiful essay, permissible and what is book comparison, not. This knowledge should be imparted to him not abstractly, but by putting it on a religious foundation - on faith in the beautiful God and our relationship with Him - with love, thankfulness, and hope in His help. The notion of right and wrong gives a child a sense of college essay needs responsibility. Now he realizes that any bad behavior breaches not only the demands of his parents, but also the natural order directed by God, Who may punish him for disobedience.
#9;Simultaneously, parents should give to their child an example of Christian life . If they try only to stuff his head with dry rules, he will regard them as useless theories. A good example has a determining role in a child's development. To this end, all the members of a family must strive to respect and love each other, to pray together, discuss religious topics, attend Church, take Communion often, observe fast days, and help the needy. #9;Failure in a child's upbringing may evolve from the parents' weak faith and engrossment in the material side of life. It may come also from their irritability and anger, which in turn are the results of selfishness and essay a lack of discipline. The irritability of parents summons a responding irritability in comparison children.
#9;Children must be protected from temptations, which usually seep into them through television and voluptuous music. The Beautiful! If the parents insist on having a television in their home, they must restrict the amount of time they spend in front of the TV and also check the contents of what they watch. #9;It is every level essay, crucial to remember that good results in america essay rearing children are unachievable without a religious environment at home. The Church with its instructions, prayers and sacraments can only help parents in help the process, and so mothers and fathers must strive to have the grace of the Lord in their home. This grace will guide and save their whole family. A prayer for our children. O Lord, Our Heavenly Father, have mercy on our children (names), for whom we humbly beg You, and whom we entrust to Your care and protection. Instill in them the true faith, teach them to be reverent before You and deign them to love You dearly, our Creator and Savior. Direct them to essay righteousness, so that they do everything to Your glory. Book Essay! Teach them to the beautiful lead a pious and virtuous life, to be good Christians and worthy people. Give them spiritual and physical health and success in their endeavors.
Protect them from the wily snares of the devil, from many temptations, from bad passions and from all godless and every college level disorderly people. For the sake of Your Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, through the america, prayers of His most Holy Mother and all the saints, bring them toward Your calm refuge and Your everlasting Kingdom, so that they, with all the student 2009, saved, forever thank You with Your only begotten Son and Your life-giving Spirit. Amen. Missionary Leaflet 55E. Copyright 2001 Holy Trinity Orthodox Mission.